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The Resource Wetland Techniques : Foundations

Wetland Techniques : Foundations

Label
Wetland Techniques : Foundations
Title
Wetland Techniques
Title remainder
Foundations
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Here is a practical wetland techniques book that covers the many sub-disciplines within this broad field. It provides an overview of the methods that have been used or developed by researchers and practitioners to study, monitor, manage or create wetlands
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Wetland Techniques : Foundations
Label
Wetland Techniques : Foundations
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=1538777
Publication
Copyright
Related Contributor
Related Location
Related Agents
Related Authorities
Related Subjects
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- Contributors -- Chapter 1: Study Design and Logistics -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Role of Study Design in the Scientific Method -- 1.3 Development of a Study Hypothesis -- 1.4 Study Population -- 1.5 Determination of Experimental Unit Variables -- 1.6 Conceptual Model and Variable Selection -- 1.7 Experiment, Treatment, Replication, and Randomization -- 1.8 Impact Studies -- 1.9 Sampling -- 1.10 Errors to Consider in Study Design -- 1.11 Sample Size and Effect Size -- 1.12 Other Logistical Considerations of Wetland Study -- 1.13 Summary and Additional Considerations on the Application of Study Design -- References -- Student Exercises -- Classroom Exercise -- Chapter 2: Wetland Bathymetry and Mapping -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Planning for Measuring Wetland Bathymetry -- 2.3 Wetland Survey Techniques -- 2.3.1 Recording Field Data -- 2.3.2 Surveying in the Field -- 2.3.2.1 Surveys Using a Taped Grid -- 2.3.2.2 Using an Autolevel -- 2.3.2.3 Rotating Level Laser -- 2.3.2.4 Pool-Point Radial Survey Method -- 2.3.2.5 Total Station -- 2.3.2.6 Real Time Kinematic GPS -- 2.3.2.7 Light Ranging and Detection Technology -- 2.4 Modeling and Visualization of the Bathymetric Surface -- 2.4.1 Molera Wetland GIS Analysis Example -- 2.4.1.1 Data Preparation and Import -- 2.4.1.2 Creating a Digital Elevation Model -- 2.4.1.3 Visualizing Wetland Geometry -- 2.4.1.4 Quantifying Wetland Geometry -- 2.5 Conclusion -- References -- Student Exercises -- Classroom Exercises -- Classroom Exercise #1: Evaluating Wetlands in Google Earth -- Classroom Exercise #2: Creating a Bathymetric Surface for Visualization and Analysis -- Chapter 3: Assessing and Measuring Wetland Hydrology -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Wetland Hydrology from the Perspective of a Water Budget -- 3.2.1 Determining the Accounting Unit
  • 3.2.2 Determining the Accounting Period -- 3.3 Water-Budget Hydrology -- 3.3.1 Stage Measurement -- 3.3.1.1 Staff Gage -- 3.3.1.2 Float-Based Gage -- 3.3.1.3 Bubbler System -- 3.3.1.4 Capacitance Rod -- 3.3.1.5 Submersible Pressure Transducer -- 3.3.1.6 Manual Measurement with a Graduated Rod -- 3.3.1.7 Remote Sensors -- 3.3.2 Converting Stage Change to Volume -- 3.3.3 Sources of Error -- 3.3.3.1 Staff-Gage Errors -- 3.3.3.2 Local Datum Errors -- 3.3.3.3 Automated Sensor Errors -- 3.4 Precipitation -- 3.4.1 General Consideration for Point Measurements -- 3.4.2 Type of Precipitation Gages -- 3.4.3 Effects of Wind -- 3.4.4 Snowfall Measurement -- 3.4.5 Calibration and Maintenance -- 3.4.6 Spatial Variability and Interpolation -- 3.4.7 Missing Data and Other Issues for Using Archived Weather Data -- 3.4.8 Summary -- 3.5 Evapotranspiration -- 3.5.1 Commonly Used Methods -- 3.5.2 Direct Measurements -- 3.5.2.1 Evaporation Pan -- 3.5.2.2 Eddy-Covariance Method -- 3.5.3 Estimation Methods -- 3.5.3.1 Energy-Balance Method -- 3.5.3.2 Energy Balance Method with Large Aperture Scintillometer (LAS) -- 3.5.3.3 Aerodynamic Methods -- 3.5.3.4 Combination Methods -- 3.5.4 Measurement Parameters for Estimating ET -- 3.5.5 Measurement Errors -- 3.5.6 Cost Effectiveness -- 3.6 Surface Water Inflow and Outflow -- 3.6.1 Stream Gaging Station -- 3.6.2 Characteristics of Flow Control -- 3.6.3 Stage Measurement -- 3.6.4 Discharge Measurement -- 3.6.4.1 Velocity-Area Method -- 3.6.4.2 Tracer-Dilution Methods -- 3.6.4.3 Other Methods of Discharge Measurement -- 3.6.5 Stage-Discharge Rating Curve -- 3.6.6 Flow Estimation by Indirect Methods -- 3.6.7 Errors and Challenges -- 3.6.8 Summary -- 3.7 Diffuse Overland Flow -- 3.7.1 Measurement of Diffuse Overland Flow -- 3.7.2 Estimation Using Simple Rainfall-Runoff Models -- 3.8 Groundwater Inflow and Outflow
  • 3.8.1 Darcy Flux Method -- 3.8.1.1 Location of Monitoring Wells, Assumptions, and Errors -- 3.8.1.2 Location and Installation of Monitoring Wells -- 3.8.1.3 Methods for Determining Hydraulic Conductivity (K) -- 3.8.2 Direct Seepage Measurements -- 3.8.3 Determining Groundwater Fluxes as the Residual of a Water Budget -- 3.8.4 Measurement of Temperature to Quantify Groundwater-Surface-Water Exchange -- 3.9 Subsurface Storage Above the Water Table -- 3.9.1 Thermo-Gravimetric Method for Measuring Soil Water Content -- 3.9.2 Time Domain Reflectometry -- 3.9.3 Capacitance Method -- 3.9.4 Specific Yield -- 3.10 Use of Conservative Tracers -- 3.10.1 Evaluation of Water and Mass Balance Equations -- 3.10.2 Remarks on Water Sample Collection -- 3.10.3 Use of Multiple Tracers -- 3.10.4 Final Remarks -- 3.11 Estimation of Errors -- 3.12 Chapter Summary -- References -- Student Exercises -- Classroom Exercises -- Short Exercise 1: Converting Pressure to Water Depth and Stage -- Short Exercise 2: Wind Correction of Precipitation Data -- Short Exercise 3: Spatial Interpolation of Precipitation Data -- Short Exercise 4: Calculation of Discharge from Tracer Data -- Short Exercise 5: Calibration of Weir Coefficient -- Short Exercise 6: Determination of Stage-Discharge Rating Curve -- Short Exercise 7: Estimation of Diffuse Overland Flow -- Short Exercise 8: Calculation of Groundwater Flow Using the Segmented-Darcy Method -- Short Exercise 9: Simple Flow-Net Analysis -- Short Exercise 10: Measurement of Groundwater Flow Using a Half-Barrel Seepage Meter -- Short Exercise 11: Estimation of Seepage Flux Using Temperature Data -- Short Exercise 12: Estimation of Specific Yield -- Short Exercise 13: Influence of Error on the Water Budget -- Field Exercises -- Field Activity 1: Installation of a Wetland Staff Gage, Water-Table Well, and Piezometer -- Wetland Staff Gage
  • Monitoring Well Installation -- Water-Table Well Installation -- Piezometer Installation -- Field Activity 2: Single-Well Response Test -- Field Activity 3: Installation of a Seepage Meter and Temperature Sensors -- Seepage Meter Construction and Installation -- Seepage-Meter Installation -- Seepage-Meter Measurement -- Installation of Temperature Sensors -- Field Activity 4: Stream Gaging Techniques -- Chapter 4: Hydric Soil Identification Techniques -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Overview of Hydric Soils -- 4.2.1 What Is a Hydric Soil? -- 4.2.2 Hydric Soils and Wetland Regulation -- 4.2.3 Hydric Soil Indicators -- 4.3 Soil Formation -- 4.3.1 Factors of Soil Formation -- 4.3.1.1 Parent Material -- 4.3.1.2 Climate -- 4.3.1.3 Landscape Position or Topography -- 4.3.1.4 Organisms -- 4.3.1.5 Time -- 4.3.2 Soil Forming Processes -- 4.3.2.1 Additions -- 4.3.2.2 Losses -- 4.3.2.3 Translocations -- 4.3.2.4 Transformations -- 4.4 Soil Horizons -- 4.5 Soil Color -- 4.5.1 Overview -- 4.5.2 Components of Soil Color -- 4.5.2.1 Hue -- 4.5.2.2 Value -- 4.5.2.3 Chroma -- 4.5.3 Conditions for Measuring Soil Color -- 4.5.4 Describing Soil Colors -- 4.5.4.1 Matrix Color -- 4.5.4.2 Mottling Versus Redoximorphic Features -- 4.5.4.3 Percentages -- 4.5.4.4 Contrast -- 4.5.4.5 Type of Redoximorphic Features -- 4.5.4.6 Location of Redoximorphic Features -- 4.6 Soil Texture -- 4.7 Soil Structure and Bulk Density -- 4.8 Soil Organic Material -- 4.8.1 Overview -- 4.8.2 Field Characterization of Soil Materials High in Organic Carbon -- 4.9 Formation of Hydric Soils -- 4.9.1 Processes -- 4.9.1.1 Soil Saturation -- 4.9.1.2 Anaerobiosis -- 4.9.1.3 Iron and Manganese Reduction, Translocation, and Accumulation -- 4.9.1.4 Sulfate Reduction -- 4.9.1.5 Organic Accumulation -- 4.9.2 Development of Redoximorphic Features -- 4.9.3 Types of Redoximorphic Features
  • 4.9.3.1 Iron and Manganese Depletions -- 4.9.3.2 Masses, Nodules and Concretions -- 4.9.3.3 Reduced Matrices -- 4.9.4 Location of Redoximorphic Features -- 4.10 Using Field Indicators of Hydric Soils -- 4.10.1 Overview -- 4.10.2 Terminology -- 4.10.3 Concepts and Rules -- 4.11 Soil Surveys and Hydric Soil Lists -- 4.12 Soils That Lack Hydric Soil Indicators -- 4.12.1 Overview -- 4.12.2 Quick Identification of Soils That Lack Field Indicators of Hydric Soils -- 4.12.3 Problematic Soil Situations -- 4.12.4 Hydric Soils Technical Standard -- 4.12.5 Normal Rainfall -- 4.13 Other Uses for Soil Morphology Information -- 4.13.1 Monitoring and Interpreting Wetland Hydrology -- 4.13.1.1 Field Indicators of Hydric Soils -- 4.13.1.2 Monitoring Well Installation -- 4.13.2 Assessing Changes in Wetland Hydrology -- 4.13.2.1 Field Indicators of Hydric Soils -- 4.13.2.2 Soil Structure and Horizonation -- 4.14 Additional Resources -- 4.14.1 National Technical Committee for Hydric Soils (NTCHS) -- 4.14.2 Documents -- 4.14.3 Websites -- References -- Student Exercises -- Classroom Exercises -- Classroom Exercise #1: Sources of Hydric Soil Information -- Classroom Exercise #2: Identification of Field Indicators of Hydric Soils -- Answers -- Laboratory Exercises -- Laboratory Exercise: Description and Identification of Hydric Soils in the Field -- Chapter 5: Sampling and Analyzing Wetland Vegetation -- 5.1 The Importance of Wetland Vegetation -- 5.2 Considerations of Location and Timing - Which Wetlands and When Should They Be Sampled? -- 5.2.1 Which Wetlands? -- 5.2.2 Where in the Wetland? -- 5.2.3 When? -- 5.3 Basic Vegetation Sampling Techniques -- 5.3.1 Attributes of Vegetation -- 5.3.2 The Sample Unit: Plot-Based and Plotless Techniques -- 5.3.3 Locating Samples Within a Wetland -- 5.3.4 Relevé Systems -- 5.3.5 Number of Samples -- 5.3.6 Tracking Change Over Time
  • 5.3.7 Assessment Techniques for Specific Attributes
http://library.link/vocab/cover_art
https://contentcafe2.btol.com/ContentCafe/Jacket.aspx?Return=1&Type=S&Value=9789400768604&userID=ebsco-test&password=ebsco-test
Dimensions
unknown
http://library.link/vocab/discovery_link
{'f': 'http://opac.lib.rpi.edu/record=b3728619'}
Edition
1st ed.
Extent
1 online resource (469 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789400768604
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

Library Locations

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      110 8th St, Troy, NY, 12180, US
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