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The Resource The Economics of Self-Destructive Choices

The Economics of Self-Destructive Choices

Label
The Economics of Self-Destructive Choices
Title
The Economics of Self-Destructive Choices
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Member of
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Series statement
Advances in Japanese Business and Economics Ser.
Series volume
v.10
The Economics of Self-Destructive Choices
Label
The Economics of Self-Destructive Choices
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=4415581
Publication
Copyright
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface -- Contents -- About the Author -- Chapter 1: The Paradox of Self-Destructive Choices -- 1.1 What Are Self-Destructive Behaviors? -- 1.1.1 Harmful Choices -- 1.1.2 Associated Self-Destructive Behaviors -- 1.2 Comparing Present and Future Rewards -- 1.2.1 Present or Future? Choices over Time -- 1.2.2 Present-Oriented Inclination: Subjective Discount Rates -- 1.2.3 Bankerś Way of Time Discounting -- 1.3 Hyperbolic Discounting and Inconsistent Decisions -- 1.3.1 Being Swayed by the Temptation of Immediate Rewards -- 1.3.2 Self-Destructive Procrastination -- 1.3.3 The Self-Control Problem -- 1.3.4 S̀̀ophisticated ́́People and Ǹ̀aivé ́People -- 1.4 Binding Future Selveś Hands -- 1.4.1 Binding Loose Selves -- 1.4.2 Freezing Assets -- 1.5 Coping with Self-Destructive Behaviors -- 1.5.1 Knowing Oneself: Self Signaling -- 1.5.2 How to Improve Decisions and Behaviors -- 1.5.3 Behavioral Economics Policy Recommendations -- Supplement A: Monkeys and Chosan-Boshi? -- Supplement B: Measuring Personal Discount Rates -- Chapter 2: Varying Impatience -- 2.1 Anomalies in Intertemporal Choices -- 2.2 Smaller Amounts Are Discounted More -- 2.2.1 The Magnitude Effect -- 2.2.2 Increasing Proportionate Sensitivity -- 2.2.3 Mental Fixed Costs for Waiting -- 2.2.4 Mental Accounting -- 2.3 Gains Are Discounted More Than Losses -- 2.3.1 The Sign Effect -- 2.3.2 Decreasing Marginal Utility -- 2.3.3 Loss Bias -- 2.3.4 The Sign Effect and Borrowing Aversion -- 2.3.5 Delay/Speed-Up Asymmetry -- 2.3.6 The Framing Effect -- 2.4 Choosing Improving Sequences -- 2.4.1 Choice of Gratification Sequences -- 2.4.2 Choosing the Smaller Lifetime Income -- 2.4.3 The Seniority-Based Wage Puzzle -- 2.4.4 Improvements Yield Gratification -- 2.4.5 Savoring and Habituation -- 2.4.6 Sequence as Context -- 2.5 Conclusions
  • Chapter 3: Hyperbolic Discounting and Self-Destructive Behaviors -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 More Impatient for More Immediate Gratification -- 3.2.1 Proximal Future Choice and Distal Future Choice -- 3.2.2 Exponential Discounting and Hyperbolic Discounting -- 3.2.3 The Matching Law -- 3.3 Inconsistent Choices -- 3.3.1 Dual Personality -- 3.3.2 Patient Plan with Impatient Behavior -- 3.3.3 Procrastinating Tasks and Preproperating Leisure -- 3.3.4 Too Much Consumption and Too Little Accumulation -- 3.4 Mechanism of Hyperbolic Discounting -- 3.4.1 Today Is Long: Distortion in Psychological Time -- 3.4.2 The Certainty Effect -- 3.4.3 The Ant and the Grasshopper in the Brain -- 3.5 Conclusions -- Chapter 4: Self-Control Problems of the Dual Self -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Problems of the Dual Self -- 4.2.1 The Self-Control Problem -- 4.2.2 Pessimistic or Optimistic About Their Future Selves? -- 4.2.3 When to Clean?: Sophistication Mitigates Procrastination -- 4.2.4 Overly Abstentious Decision-Making -- 4.2.5 When to See a Movie?: Sophistication Reinforces Preproperation -- 4.3 Excessive Abstinence and Indulgence -- 4.3.1 Self-Restraining Smart Choice to See the Grand-Prize Winning Movie -- 4.3.2 Excessive Abstinence and Indulgence Due to Sophisticated Decisions -- 4.3.3 Does Sophisticated Decision-Making Increase or Reduce Onés Savings? -- 4.4 Pitfalls of P̀̀ursuing Larger Worḱ ́-- 4.4.1 Ẁ̀hich Task to Work oń ́and Ẁ̀hen to Worḱ ́-- 4.4.2 Procrastination Caused by Pursuing Larger Tasks -- 4.5 Benefit of Self-Trapping -- 4.5.1 Precommitment -- 4.5.2 Illiquid Assets and Education as Commitment Devices -- 4.6 Theory of the G̀̀olden Eggś ́-- 4.6.1 The Goose That Lays the Golden Eggs -- 4.6.2 The Invalidity of the Permanent Income Hypothesis -- 4.6.3 Consumption Propensity from Income Higher than That from Assets -- 4.6.4 The Debt Puzzle
  • 4.6.5 The Ricardian Equivalence Theorem Does Not Hold -- 4.6.6 Financial Innovation: Flexibility Versus Precommitment -- 4.7 Naïve or Sophisticated? -- 4.7.1 Partially Naïve -- 4.7.2 Deadlines and Efficiency -- 4.7.3 When to Start Studying for an Examination -- 4.8 Willpower and Self-Control -- 4.8.1 What Is Willpower? -- 4.8.2 Willpower and Present-Oriented Tendency -- 4.8.3 Willpower Budget and Efficient Self-Control -- 4.8.4 Crowded Out Self-Control -- 4.8.5 Depletion and Reproduction of Poverty -- 4.8.6 Poverty and Adversity During Childhood -- 4.9 Conclusions -- Supplement C: The Tsushima Familýs Precommitment -- Chapter 5: Overborrowing, Overeating, and Addictive Behavior -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Naïve Income-Consumption Cycles -- 5.2.1 Allowance Cycle -- 5.2.2 The Food-Stamp Nutrition Cycle -- 5.2.3 The Pension-Consumption Cycle -- 5.3 Hyperbolic Discounting and Debt Behavior -- 5.3.1 Credit Card Loans -- 5.3.2 Swayed by a Teaser Rate But End Up Paying a Higher Interest Rate -- 5.3.3 Self-Destructive Behavior of Payday Loan Borrowers -- 5.3.4 Hyperbolic Discounting and Debt: The Case of Japan -- 5.3.5 Hyperbolic Discounting and Multiple Debts -- 5.3.6 The Sign Effect and Borrowing Aversion -- 5.4 Obesity and Underweight -- 5.4.1 Choosing Onés Body Weight Status -- 5.4.2 Obese People Tend to Be Indebted -- 5.4.3 Obesity as Self-Destruction -- 5.4.4 Choosing Being Underweight -- 5.5 Gambling, Smoking, and Drinking -- 5.6 Conclusions -- Appendix: An Illustrative Model of Hyperbolic Consumers -- Supplement D: Obesity Criteria: Japan and the WHO -- Supplement E: S̀̀uper Size Mé:́ The State of Obesity in the United States and Europe -- Supplement F: Reporting Onés Own Weight as Lighter -- Chapter 6: Coping with Self-Destructive Behavior -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Means of Avoiding Self-Destructive Choices
  • 6.2.1 Taking into Account the Lenient Future Self -- 6.2.2 The Self-Control Problem and Willpower That You Can Realize Only by Being Inconsistent -- 6.2.3 Addressing Willpower Depletion -- 6.2.4 Two Types of Commitment Device -- 6.2.5 Soft Commitment Devices -- 6.2.6 Personal Rules -- 6.2.7 Dividing Planning Horizon into Shorter Sub-periods -- 6.2.8 Rounding Up the Troops While the Enemy Is Still Weak -- 6.2.9 Hard to Be Sophisticated -- 6.3 Interventions That Allow Choices -- 6.3.1 Libertarian Paternalism -- 6.3.2 Ǹ̀udginǵ ́Decision-Makers by Changing the Default -- 6.3.3 Nudging Hyperbolic People -- 6.3.4 Making People Commit to Future Savings -- 6.3.5 Reverse Thinking: Asymmetric Paternalism -- 6.3.6 Putting It into Practice -- 6.4 Considering Policies -- 6.4.1 Interventions for Smoking Cessation -- 6.4.2 Reducing Obesity -- 6.4.3 Intervention in the Consumer Credit Market -- 6.5 Issues and Future Tasks -- 6.6 Conclusions -- Erratum to: The Economics of Self-Destructive Choices -- References -- Index
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{'f': 'http://opac.lib.rpi.edu/record=b4384893'}
Extent
1 online resource (204 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9784431557937
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

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