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The Resource Reform and Development of Agriculture in China

Reform and Development of Agriculture in China

Label
Reform and Development of Agriculture in China
Title
Reform and Development of Agriculture in China
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Member of
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Series statement
Research Series on the Chinese Dream and China{u2019}s Development Path
Reform and Development of Agriculture in China
Label
Reform and Development of Agriculture in China
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=4803565
Publication
Copyright
Related Contributor
Related Location
Related Agents
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Series Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- 1 History of Chinese Agriculture Before Reform and Opening -- 1.1 Three Thousand Years of Agriculture in China -- 1.1.1 The Origins of Agriculture -- 1.1.2 The Development of Agriculture -- 1.1.2.1 Farmland Improvements -- 1.1.2.2 Improvements to Farming Techniques -- 1.1.2.3 Farming Implement Improvements -- 1.1.2.4 Compliance with Farming Seasons -- 1.1.3 Agricultural Achievements -- 1.1.4 Characteristics of Agriculture -- 1.2 The Last 300 Years of Agriculture in China -- 1.2.1 A Stage of Continued Slow Growth in Agriculture -- 1.2.2 Why Agriculture Did Not Cause Economic Decline in China -- 1.2.2.1 China Still Possessed Comparative Advantages in Agriculture During This Period -- 1.2.2.2 Limited Disparities in Chinese Agricultural Technology During This Period -- 1.2.2.3 Positive Impacts of the Industrial Revolution on Agriculture Still Highly Limited During This Period -- 1.2.3 Reasons for China's Economic Decline -- 1.2.3.1 Limitations on Division of Labor and Industries of Over-Small Scales of Operation -- 1.2.3.2 Limitations on Industry Upgrading of Expansion of Arable Land -- 1.2.3.3 Limitations of "Celestial Empire Thinking" on Changing the Status Quo -- 1.3 Agriculture in China for the 30 Years Prior to Reform and Opening -- 2 Agricultural Reforms -- 2.1 Reforms to Markets for Agricultural Products -- 2.1.1 Gradually Shrinking the Scope of the Agricultural State Monopoly -- 2.1.2 Gradually Reducing the Quantity of State Monopoly Purchases -- 2.1.3 Gradually Developing a Market for Agricultural Products -- 2.1.4 Expanding Channels for Circulation of Agricultural Products -- 2.2 Agricultural Factor Market Reforms -- 2.2.1 Reforms to Agricultural Input Markets -- 2.2.2 Reforms to Agricultural Labor Markets -- 2.2.2.1 Policies Restricting Rural Laborers to the Countryside
  • 2.2.2.2 Policies Allowing Rural Laborers to Leave the Countryside -- 2.2.2.3 The Policy Allowing Migration of Whole Families -- 2.2.3 Reforms to Rural Capital Markets -- 2.2.3.1 Progress of Reforms -- 2.2.3.2 Standardizing Private Loans and Developing Non-profit Financing -- 2.2.3.3 Rural Financial Policies Directed at Marketization -- 2.2.3.4 Reforms to Formal Rural Financial Institutions -- 2.2.3.5 Informal Financing in Rural China -- 2.2.3.6 Scale of China's Rural Finance Market -- 2.2.3.7 Overall Assessment of Reforms to China's Rural Finance System and Development Thereof -- 2.3 Reforms to the Agricultural Land System -- 2.3.1 Progress of Reforms to the Agricultural Land System -- 2.3.1.1 Promoting Reforms to Allow Farmers the Right to Operate Contracted Land -- 2.3.1.2 Issuing Policies to Uphold the Rights of Farmers to Contract and Operate Land -- 2.3.1.3 Improving Laws to Safeguard Rural Citizens' Rights to Operate Contracted Land -- 2.3.2 Developing a Rural Land Market -- 2.3.3 Scale and Pricing of the Land Market -- 2.3.4 Establishing Land Management and Farmland Protection Systems -- 2.4 Reforms to the System and Mechanisms for Agricultural Operations -- 2.4.1 Reducing the Scope of Administrative Management, Establishing Norms for Administrative Management -- 2.4.2 Improving Laws and Regulations, Governing in Strict Accordance with the Law -- 2.4.3 Expanding the Scope of Economic Administration, Improving Economic Management Methods -- 2.5 The Experience of China's Rural Reforms -- 2.5.1 Enormous Potential for Rural Economic Growth -- 2.5.2 Market Guidance: An Important Factor in Rural Growth -- 2.5.3 Non-agricultural Enterprises to Become Mainstay of Rural Development -- 3 China's Agricultural Basic Operating System -- 3.1 Changes to China's Agricultural Basic Operating System
  • 3.2 Environmental Changes Facing Construction of the Basic Operating System -- 3.2.1 Sustenance Fields Less Important -- 3.2.2 Gradual Increases to Opportunity Costs of Agriculture -- 3.2.3 Using Land to Provide for Old Age Less Important -- 3.2.4 Differentiation in Production and Capital Functions of Agricultural Land -- 3.2.5 Differentiation Between Rural Citizens -- 3.2.6 Diversification of Organizational Market Entry Methods for Rural Citizens -- 3.3 The Development of New Agricultural Operators in China -- 3.3.1 Leading Farms -- 3.3.2 Specialized Households -- 3.3.3 Specialized Farmer Cooperatives -- 3.3.4 Agricultural Companies -- 3.4 The Thinking Behind Fostering Leading Rural Households -- 3.5 Summarizing Comments -- 4 The Development of Agriculture in China -- 4.1 China's Natural Agricultural Resources -- 4.1.1 Low Per Capita Quantities of Land -- 4.1.2 Big Regional Differences in Available Water -- 4.1.3 Discoordination in Water and Land Resources -- 4.2 Agricultural Inputs -- 4.2.1 Labor -- 4.2.2 Farmland -- 4.2.2.1 The Reasons for Reconstructing LuC Area Statistics in China -- 4.2.2.2 Conditions for Reconstructing Data for Area of LuC in China -- 4.2.2.3 The Results of Reconstructing LuC Area Data -- 4.2.3 Water Resources -- 4.2.4 Capital Inputs -- 4.2.4.1 Comprehensive Mechanization Rate -- 4.2.4.2 Irrigation Rate -- 4.2.4.3 Rate of Seed Commoditization -- 4.2.4.4 Rate of Soil Fertilization Based on Testing -- 4.2.4.5 Agricultural Plastic Sheeting -- 4.2.4.6 Chemical Fertilizers -- 4.2.5 Adjustments to the Agricultural Structure -- 4.3 Growth of Agriculture -- 4.3.1 Material Productivity of Agriculture -- 4.3.1.1 Primary Agricultural Products -- 4.3.1.2 Per Capita Share of Primary Agricultural Products -- 4.3.1.3 Production Concentration of Primary Agricultural Products -- 4.3.2 Value Productivity of Agriculture
  • 4.3.2.1 Land Productivity -- 4.3.2.2 Labor Productivity -- 4.3.3 Technological Productivity of Agriculture -- 4.3.3.1 Increasing Contributions of Agricultural Total Factor Productivity -- 4.3.3.2 Gains in Agricultural TFP Stem from Technological Advances -- 4.3.3.3 Room for Gains in Technological Efficiency Greater Than Room for Gains in Scale Efficiency -- 4.4 Development in Other Agricultural Sectors -- 4.4.1 Forest Protection and Construction -- 4.4.2 Grassland Protection and Construction -- 4.4.3 Wetlands Protection and Construction -- 5 Transformations to Agriculture and Agricultural Policies in China -- 5.1 Changes to the Agricultural Operations Model -- 5.1.1 Transition from Collective to Household Operations -- 5.1.2 Transition from Scattered to Scale Operations -- 5.1.2.1 Developing Household Farms via Land Transfers -- 5.1.2.2 From Division of Labor in Production to Developing Specialized Households -- 5.1.2.3 Developing Agricultural Companies Through Industry Upgrading -- 5.1.3 Transition from Coercive to Inductive Administration -- 5.2 Changes to the Agricultural Structure -- 5.2.1 Transition from Reliance on Rainwater to Irrigation -- 5.2.2 Transition from Planting-Based to Husbandry-Based Agriculture -- 5.2.3 Transition from Dispersed to Concentrated Husbandry -- 5.2.4 Transition from Wild Catching to Farming in Fisheries -- 5.2.5 Transition from Net Exports to Net Imports of Agricultural Products -- 5.3 Changes to Agricultural Policies -- 5.3.1 Transition from Concentrating Agricultural Surpluses to Supporting Agricultural Development -- 5.3.2 Transition from Comprehensive Support to Focus Support -- 5.3.3 Transition from Quantity Security to Quality Security -- 5.3.4 Transition from Expanding Production to Protecting the Environment -- 5.3.4.1 Policies for the Protection of Natural Forests
  • 5.3.4.2 Policies for Returning Farmland to Forests -- 5.3.4.3 Policies for Returning Pastureland to Grassland -- 5.3.4.4 The Policy for Returning Fields to Lakes -- 5.3.5 Transition from Economic Development to Social Development -- 5.3.5.1 Free Compulsory Rural Education -- 5.3.5.2 New Rural Cooperative Medicine -- 5.3.5.3 Equality in Infrastructure Provision -- 5.3.5.4 Minimum Living Standards Guarantee for Rural Residents -- 5.3.5.5 Social and Pension Insurance for Rural Residents -- 6 Grain Production and Food Security in China -- 6.1 Grain Production -- 6.1.1 Changes to Grain Yields and Per Capita Grain Shares -- 6.1.1.1 Grain Yields in China -- 6.1.1.2 Changes to Seasonal Grain Yields -- 6.1.1.3 Changes to Yields of Major Grain Crops -- 6.1.1.4 Changes to Regional Grain Production -- 6.1.1.5 Field Area and Grain Field Productivity -- 6.1.2 Per Capita Grain Yields in China -- 6.2 Analysis of Factors Affecting Grain Production -- 6.2.1 Technological Advances -- 6.2.2 Impact of Climate Change -- 6.2.3 Agricultural Policies -- 6.2.4 Reductions of Farmland -- 6.3 Changes and Trends to Grain Production Distribution -- 6.3.1 North Outstrips South in Grain Production -- 6.3.2 Grain Production Concentrating in Central Region -- 6.3.3 Expansion of Northeastern Superior Round-Grain Rice, Stable Advantages of Southern Rice -- 6.3.4 Wheat Production Concentrating in Huang and Huai River Basins -- 6.3.5 Corn Production Concentrating in Northeastern and Central Regions -- 6.3.6 Overall Shrinking of Soybean Production -- 6.4 China's Food Security Strategy -- 6.4.1 Enactment of the Prime Farmland Protection Policy -- 6.4.2 Strengthening Construction of Prime Farmland Infrastructure -- 6.4.3 Optimizing the Distribution of Grain Production -- 6.4.4 Promoting International Trade of Agricultural Products
  • 6.4.4.1 Establishment of the Prime Farmland Protection System
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Extent
1 online resource (225 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789811034626
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

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