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The Resource Reflections on Reasoning

Reflections on Reasoning

Label
Reflections on Reasoning
Title
Reflections on Reasoning
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
First published in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Reflections on Reasoning
Label
Reflections on Reasoning
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=1501533
Publication
Copyright
Related Contributor
Related Location
Related Agents
Related Authorities
Related Subjects
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Cover -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- PREFACE -- FOREWORD -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 1.1 What is Reasoning? -- 1.2 Organization of the Book -- 2. REASONING IN PERSPECTIVE -- 2.1 Reasoning and Language -- 2.2 Reasoning and Logic -- 2.3 Reasoning and Inventiveness -- 2.4 Reasoning and Knowledge -- 2.5 Reasoning and Truth -- 2.6 Reasoning Versus Rationalizing -- 2.7 Limitations and Impediments to Effective Reasoning -- 3. BELIEFS -- 3.1 Beliefs Versus Opinions -- 3.2 Properties of Beliefs -- 3.3 On Deciding What to Believe -- 3.4 Belief as a Matter of Degree -- 3.5 Conservativism -- 3.6 Suspended Judgment -- 3.7 The Reasonable Use of Incomplete Information -- 3.8 Relevance -- 3.9 The Myth of Objectivity -- 3.10 Consequences of False Beliefs -- 3.11 Appreciating Opposing Beliefs -- 3.12 Summary -- 4. ASSERTIONS -- 4.1 Understanding Assertions -- 4.2 Types of Assertions -- 4.3 Quantifiers -- 4.4 Form Versus Meaning -- 4.5 Using Representations -- 4.6 On Deciding Whether Different Assertions Mean the Same Thing -- 4.7 Rewriting Assertions -- 4.8 Assertions About Cause and Effect -- 4.9 Indirect Assertions -- 4.10 Dealing with the Imprecision of Language -- 4.11 Implication and Contradiction -- 4.12 Evaluating Assertions -- 4.13 Consistency, Corroboration, and Proof -- 4.14 The Principle of Falsifiability -- 4.15 Counterexamples -- 4.16 Summary -- 5. ARGUMENTS -- 5.1 What is an Argument? -- 5.2 Inductive Versus Deductive Inference -- 5.3 Types of Arguments -- 5.4 Recognizing Arguments -- 5.5 Analyzing Arguments -- 5.6 Forms of Logical Arguments -- 5.7 Analyzing Incomplete Logical Arguments -- 5.8 Evaluating Logical Arguments -- 5.9 Using Diagrams to Help Judge the Validity of Logical Arguments -- 5.10 Evaluating Plausible Arguments -- 5.11 Weighing Evidence Versus Building a Case -- 5.12 Disputes -- 5.13 Indirect and Devious Arguments
  • 5.14 Constructing Arguments -- 5.15 Summary -- 6. STRATAGEMS -- 6.1 The Art of Indirect Persuasion -- 6.2 Misrepresentations -- 6.3 The Deceptive Use of Truth -- 6.4 Overstatement of an Opposing Position -- 6.5 Authoritative Manner -- 6.6 Sloganism -- 6.7 Leading Questions -- 6.8 Quoting Out of Context -- 6.9 Put-downs -- 6.10 Dilution by Generalization -- 6.11 Avoiding the Issue -- 6.12 Summary -- 7. SOME COMMON REASONING FALLACIES -- 7.1 Partiality in the Uses of Evidence -- 7.2 Biased Information Gathering -- 7.3 Uses of Irrelevant Reasons -- 7.4 Argumentum ad hominem -- 7.5 Appeal to Authority -- 7.6 Appeal to Inappropriate Authority -- 7.7 Credit or Discredit by Association -- 7.8 Appeal to Numbers -- 7.9 Appeal to Tradition -- 7.10 Uncritical Acceptance of Simple Explanations -- 7.11 Hasty Closure -- 7.12 Inappropriate Persistence -- 7.13 Inappropriate Dichotomizing -- 7.14 Drawing Contrary Conclusions From Inconclusive Arguments -- 7.15 Confusing Naming With Explaining -- 7.16 Confusing Temporal Succession With Causation -- 7.17 Confusing Shared Characteristics With Distinguishing Characteristics -- 7.18 Confusing Truth With Validity -- 7.19 "Proof" by Analogy -- 7.20 Overgeneralization -- 7.21 Stereotyping -- 7.22 Summary -- 8. CONCLUSION -- 8.1 Some Rules -- 8.2 Summary -- APPENDIX A: ANSWER KEY
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Dimensions
unknown
http://library.link/vocab/discovery_link
{'f': 'http://opac.lib.rpi.edu/record=b4407772'}
Extent
1 online resource (151 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781317757436
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

Library Locations

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