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The Resource Neurally Based Measurement and Evaluation of Environmental Noise

Neurally Based Measurement and Evaluation of Environmental Noise

Label
Neurally Based Measurement and Evaluation of Environmental Noise
Title
Neurally Based Measurement and Evaluation of Environmental Noise
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This book deals with methods of measurement and evaluation of environmental noise based on an auditory neural and brain-oriented model. The model consists of the autocorrelation function (ACF) and the interaural cross-correlation function (IACF) mechanisms for signals arriving at the two ear entrances. Even when the sound pressure level of a noise is only about 35 dBA, people may feel annoyed due to the aspects of sound quality. These aspects can be formulated by the factors extracted from the ACF and IACF. Several examples of measuring environmental noise-from outdoor noise such as that of aircraft, traffic, and trains, and indoor noise such as caused by floor impact, toilets, and air-conditioning-are demonstrated. According to the noise measurement and evaluation, applications for sound design are discussed. This book provides an excellent resource for students, researchers, and practitioners in a wide range of fields, such as the automotive, railway, and electronics industries, and soundscape, architecture, and acoustics
Member of
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Series statement
Mathematics for Industry Ser.
Series volume
v.20
Neurally Based Measurement and Evaluation of Environmental Noise
Label
Neurally Based Measurement and Evaluation of Environmental Noise
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=2096073
Publication
Copyright
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface -- Contents -- Abbreviations -- 1 Introduction -- Abstract -- References -- 2 Signal Processing Model of Human Auditory System -- Abstract -- 2.1 Human Hearing System -- 2.2 Neural Evidences of the Autocorrelation Model in the Auditory Pathways -- 2.3 Neural Evidences of the Interaural Cross-Correlation Model in the Auditory Pathways -- 2.4 Signal Processing Model of Human Auditory System -- 2.5 Brain Response in Relation to Loudness -- 2.6 Brain Response Corresponding to Annoyance -- References -- 3 Noise Measurement Method Based on the Model -- Abstract -- 3.1 Correlation Function -- 3.2 Temporal Factors Extracted from the ACF -- 3.3 Temporal Window of the ACF Processing -- 3.4 Spatial Factors Extracted from the IACF -- 3.5 Auditory Temporal Window for the IACF Processing -- 3.6 System of Noise Measurement -- References -- 4 Temporal Primary Sensations of Noise -- Abstract -- 4.1 Formulation of Temporal and Spatial Sensations -- 4.2 Loudness -- 4.2.1 Loudness of Sharply Filtered Noise -- 4.2.2 Loudness of Complex Noise -- 4.2.3 Loudness of Iterated Rippled Noise -- 4.3 Pitch -- 4.3.1 Pitches of Complex Tones and C̀̀omplex Noise'' -- 4.3.2 Pitch of C̀̀omplex Noise'' -- 4.3.3 Frequency Limits of the ACF Model -- 4.4 Timbre -- 4.5 Duration -- References -- 5 Spatial Primary Sensations of Noise -- Abstract -- 5.1 Localization of Noise Source -- 5.2 Subjective Diffuseness -- 5.3 Apparent Source Width (ASW) -- 5.3.1 ASW of the Band-Pass-Filtered Noise -- 5.3.2 ASW of C̀̀omplex Noise'' -- References -- 6 Noise Measurements -- Abstract -- 6.1 Aircraft Noise -- 6.2 Road Traffic Noise -- 6.3 Flushing Toilet Noise -- 6.4 Railway Noise in a Train Station -- 6.5 Railway Noise in a Train Car -- 6.5.1 Effect of Train Type and Noise Caused by Wheel--Rail Interaction -- 6.5.2 Effects of External Environments -- 6.6 Floor Impact Sound
  • 6.7 Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Noise -- References -- 7 Annoyance of Noise -- Abstract -- 7.1 Annoyance of Noise with a Pure Tone Component -- 7.2 Annoyance of Band-Pass-Filtered Noise -- 7.3 Annoyance of Noise in Relation to the Spatial Factors -- 7.3.1 Effect of IACC Fluctuation -- 7.3.2 Effect of tau IACC Fluctuation -- 7.4 Annoyance of Road Traffic Noise -- 7.5 Annoyance of Noise in a Train Station -- 7.6 Annoyance of Noise in a Train Car -- 7.7 Annoyance of Floor Impact Sound -- 7.8 Annoyance of Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Noise -- 7.9 A General Equation for Annoyance -- References -- 8 Short-Term Effects of Noise -- Abstract -- 8.1 Speech Disturbance by Different Directional Noise -- 8.2 Sleep Disturbance by Upstairs Toilet Noise Changing Spatial Factors -- 8.3 Model of Duration Experience Due to Noise -- References -- 9 Long-Term Effects of Noise -- Abstract -- 9.1 Human Placental Lactogen (HPL) in Maternal Plasma -- 9.2 Birthweight -- 9.3 Reactions in Sleeping Babies -- 9.3.1 Reaction of Babies on PLG and EEG -- 9.3.2 Remarks of ACF Factors of the Noise and Music -- 9.4 Development of Specialization of Cerebral Hemispheres -- 9.5 Development of Height -- References -- 10 Application to Sound Design -- Abstract -- 10.1 Subjective Diffuseness of Music Signals Convolved with Binaural Impulse Responses -- 10.1.1 Relationship Between IACCIR and IACCSR -- 10.1.2 PsychoAcoustic Experiment -- 10.2 Listening Level of Music Through Headphones in Train Car Noise Environments -- 10.2.1 Experimental Methods -- 10.2.2 Effects of Noise Source -- 10.2.3 Effects of Music Source -- 10.3 Subject Preference for Birdsongs -- 10.4 Urban Soundscape Design -- References -- Index
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Dimensions
unknown
http://library.link/vocab/discovery_link
{'f': 'http://opac.lib.rpi.edu/record=b4390802'}
Extent
1 online resource (268 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9784431554325
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

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