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The Resource Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution During the Palaeolithic

Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution During the Palaeolithic

Label
Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution During the Palaeolithic
Title
Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution During the Palaeolithic
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This volume is motivated by the desire to explain why Neanderthals were replaced by modern humans, in terms of cultural differences between the two (sub-) species. It provides up-to-date coverage on the theory of cultural evolution as is being used by anthropologists, archaeologists, biologists and psychologists to decipher hominin cultural change and diversity during the Palaeolithic. The contributing authors are directly involved in this effort and the material presented includes novel approaches and findings. Chapters explain how learning strategies in combination with social and demographic factors (e.g., population size and mobility patterns) predict cultural evolution in a world without the printing press, television or the Internet. Also addressed is the inverse problem of how learning strategies may be inferred from actual trajectories of cultural change, for example as seen in the North American Palaeolithic. Mathematics and statistics, a sometimes necessary part of theory, are explained in elementary terms where they appear, with details relegated to appendices. Full citations of the relevant literature will help the reader to further pursue any topic of interest
Member of
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Series statement
Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans Ser
Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution During the Palaeolithic
Label
Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution During the Palaeolithic
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=2095937
Publication
Copyright
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface -- Contents -- Contributors -- 1 Introduction to "Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution During the Palaeolithic" -- 1.1 Learning Strategies -- 1.2 Social and Demographic Factors -- 1.3 Summary of the Chapters -- 1.4 Concluding Remarks -- References -- 2 Factors Limiting the Number of Independent Cultural Traits That Can Be Maintained in a Population -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Model -- 2.3 An Analytical Result -- 2.4 Monte Carlo Individual-Based Simulations -- 2.5 Results for Random Oblique Social Learning -- 2.6 Results for Best-of-2 Social Learning -- 2.7 Results for Success Bias Social Learning with K = 2 -- 2.8 Results for One-to-Many Social Learning -- 2.9 Discussion -- Appendix 1: Partial Proof of Eq. (2.2) -- Appendix 2: Proof of Eq. (2.6) -- References -- 3 The Evolution of Culturally Transmitted Teaching Behavior -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Model -- 3.2.1 Basic Model of Nakahashi (2010) -- 3.2.2 Including Teaching Behavior -- 3.3 Discussion -- Appendix 1 -- Appendix 2 -- Appendix 3 -- References -- 4 A Population-Genetics Based Model for Explaining Apparent Cultural Continuity from the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic in Eurasia -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Mathematical Model -- 4.2.1 Description -- 4.2.2 Population Dynamics -- 4.2.3 Patterns of Cultural Dynamics -- 4.2.4 Fixation Probability of CA -- 4.2.5 Expected Time Until CA Is Lost -- 4.2.6 Expected Time Until CM Is Lost -- 4.3 Discussion -- References -- 5 Mobility and Cultural Diversity in Central-Place Foragers: Implications for the Emergence of Modern Human Behavior -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.1.1 The Emergence of Modern Human Behavior: Individual- vs. Population-Level Explanations -- 5.1.2 Hunter-Gatherer Mobility and Cultural Diversity -- 5.1.3 Summary -- 5.2 The Model -- 5.3 Results -- 5.3.1 Time to Fixation
  • 5.3.2 Number of Variants Remaining and Teachers Gained per Unit Time -- 5.4 Discussion -- 5.4.1 How Does Increased Logistical Mobility Increase the Effective Size of a Subdivided Population? -- 5.4.2 What Are the Implications for Our Understanding of the Emergence of Modern Behavior? -- 5.5 Conclusion -- References -- 6 Behavioral Modernity and the Cultural Transmission of Structured Information: The Semantic Axelrod Model -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 The Semantic Axelrod Model for Trait Prerequisites -- 6.2.1 Representation of Traits and Their Prerequisites -- 6.2.2 The Axelrod Model of Social Learning and Differentiation -- 6.2.2.1 Axelrod's Original Model -- 6.2.2.2 Semantic Extensions to the Axelrod Model -- 6.3 Measuring Cultural Diversity and the Results of Structured Learning -- 6.4 Experiments -- 6.5 Results -- 6.5.1 Cultural Diversity -- 6.5.2 Trait Richness and Knowledge Depth -- 6.5.3 Population Size -- 6.5.4 Trait Tree Symmetries -- 6.6 Discussion -- Appendices -- Algorithm Description -- Availability of Software and Analysis Code -- References -- 7 Inferring Learning Strategies from Cultural Frequency Data -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Previous Research -- 7.2.1 Adoption Curve -- 7.2.2 Power-Law Distribution -- 7.2.3 Model Selection Framework -- 7.2.4 Formal Modelling -- 7.3 Generative Inference -- 7.3.1 Application in Population Genetics -- 7.3.2 Application to Cultural Evolution -- 7.3.2.1 Generative Model -- 7.3.2.2 Statistical Inference -- 7.3.2.3 Example -- 7.4 Conclusion -- A.1 Appendix -- References -- 8 Simulating Geographical Variation in Material Culture: Were Early Modern Humans in Europe Ethnically Structured? -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Case Study: Applying Simulation Modelling and ABC Methods -- 8.2.1 Introduction -- 8.2.2 Simulation Modelling -- 8.2.2.1 Simulation World -- 8.2.2.2 Demographic Processes
  • 8.2.2.3 Cultural Processes: Modelling Ethnic Diversity -- 8.2.2.4 Null and Culture-Dependent Interaction Models -- 8.2.2.5 Models, Model Parameters and Prior Ranges -- 8.2.3 Analysis -- 8.2.4 Results -- 8.2.5 Discussion and Extensions of Simulated Model -- 8.3 General Discussion and Conclusions -- Appendices -- Appendix 1: Bayesian Inference and Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) -- Appendix 2: Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) Algorithm -- Appendix 3: Summary Statistics -- Shared Information (SI) -- Mutual Information (MI) -- Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD) -- Spatial Distribution of Sites (DR) -- Appendix 4: Bayes Factors for Model Comparison -- References -- 9 Transmission of Cultural Variants in the North American Paleolithic -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Learning Models -- 9.2.1 Learning Models in Archaeology -- 9.3 The North American Paleolithic and Fluted Points -- 9.3.1 Studies of Variation in Clovis Points -- 9.3.1.1 Morrow and Morrow (1999) -- 9.3.1.2 Buchanan and Hamilton (2009) -- 9.3.1.3 Hamilton and Buchanan (2009) -- 9.3.1.4 Sholts et al. (2012) -- 9.3.1.5 Buchanan et al. (2014) -- 9.3.1.6 Explaining the Interstudy Differences -- 9.4 Conclusion -- References -- 10 Experimental Studies of Cumulative Culture in Modern Humans: What Are the Requirements of the Ratchet? -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Laboratory Studies of Cumulative Culture in Humans -- 10.2.1 Study 1: Establishing the Methods for Studying Cumulative Culture in the Laboratory -- 10.2.2 Study 2: Comparing Learning Mechanisms -- 10.2.3 Study 3: High Fidelity Copying and Cumulative Cultural Evolution -- 10.3 Cognitive Requirements of Cumulative Culture? -- 10.3.1 Action Copying -- 10.3.2 High Fidelity Copying -- 10.3.3 Concluding Remarks -- References -- 11 Learning in the Acheulean: Experimental Insights Using Handaxe Form as a M̀odel Organism' -- 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Experiment 1: Considering the Effects of Size Mutation in the Acheulean -- 11.3 Experiment 2: Considering the Effects of Shape Mutation in the Acheulean -- 11.4 Discussion -- 11.5 Conclusions -- 11.6 Final Remarks in the Context of the RNMH Project Objectives -- References -- Index
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{'f': 'http://opac.lib.rpi.edu/record=b4390795'}
Extent
1 online resource (174 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9784431553632
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

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