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The Resource Encyclopedia of volcanoes, editor-in-chief, Haraldur Sigurdsson ; associate editors, Bruce F. Houghton ... [et al.] ; forword by Robert D. Ballard, (electronic resource)

Encyclopedia of volcanoes, editor-in-chief, Haraldur Sigurdsson ; associate editors, Bruce F. Houghton ... [et al.] ; forword by Robert D. Ballard, (electronic resource)

Encyclopedia of volcanoes
Encyclopedia of volcanoes
Statement of responsibility
editor-in-chief, Haraldur Sigurdsson ; associate editors, Bruce F. Houghton ... [et al.] ; forword by Robert D. Ballard
Title variation
Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, if sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes. Through its thematic organization around the melting of the earth, it provides a comprehensive source of information on the multidisciplinary influences of volcanic eruptions--both the destructive as well as the beneficial aspects. The majority of the chapters focus on the geoscience-related aspects of volcanism (radioactive heat source, melting rock, ascent of magma, surface phenomena associated with exiting magma, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). In addition, complementary chapters discuss the multidisciplinary aspects of volcanism; these include the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. See the Article Index for a complete list. In addition to its appeal to educators, students, and professional and amateur scientists, the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes functions as an important information resource for administrators and officials responsible for developing and implementing volcanic hazard mitigation around the world
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  • illustrations
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no index present
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non fiction
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  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
Encyclopedia of volcanoes, editor-in-chief, Haraldur Sigurdsson ; associate editors, Bruce F. Houghton ... [et al.] ; forword by Robert D. Ballard, (electronic resource)
Encyclopedia of volcanoes, editor-in-chief, Haraldur Sigurdsson ; associate editors, Bruce F. Houghton ... [et al.] ; forword by Robert D. Ballard, (electronic resource)
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Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
  • Foreword / Robert D. Ballard -- Preface / The Editors -- Introduction / Haraldur Sigurdsson -- The History of Volcanology / Haraldur Sigurdsson -- Pt. I. Origin and Transport of Magma -- Mantle of the Earth / Raymond Jeanloz -- Melting the Mantle / Paul D. Asimow -- Migration of Melt / Martha J. Daines -- Plate Tectonics and Volcanism / Michael R. Perfit and Jon P. Davidson -- Composition of Magmas / Nick Rogers and Chris Hawkesworth -- Origin of Magmas / Timothy L. Grove -- Volatiles in Magmas / Paul Wallace and Alfred T. Anderson, Jr. -- Physical Properties of Magmas / Frank J. Spera -- Magma Chambers / Bruce D. Marsh -- Rates of Magma Ascent / Malcolm J. Rutherford and James E. Gardner -- Plumbing Systems / Charles R. Carrigan -- Magma Ascent at Shallow Levels / Claude Jaupart --
  • Pt. II. Eruption -- Earth's Volcanoes and Eruptions: An Overview / Tom Simkin and Lee Siebert -- Sizes of Volcanic Eruptions / David M. Pyle -- Volcanic Episodes and Rates of Volcanism / Haraldur Sigurdsson --
  • Pt. III. Effusive Volcanism -- Basaltic Volcanoes and Volcanic Systems / George P. L. Walker -- Lava Flows and Flow Fields / Christopher R. J. Kilburn -- Lava Domes and Coulees / Jonathan H. Fink and Steven W. Anderson -- Lava Fountains and Their Products / John A. Wolff and Janet M. Sumner -- Basaltic Volcanic Fields / Charles B. Connor and F. Michael Conway -- Flood Basalt Provinces / Peter R. Hooper -- Submarine Lavas and Hyaloclastite / Rodey Batiza and James D. L. White -- Seamounts and Island Building / Ralf Schmidt and Hans-Ulrich Schmincke -- Subglacial Eruptions / John L. Smellie --
  • Pt. IV. Explosive Volcanism -- Magmatic Fragmentation / K. V. Cashman, B. Sturtevant and P. Papale / [et al.] -- Phreatomagmatic Fragmentation / Meghan Morrissey, Bernd Zimanowski and Kenneth Wohletz / [et al.] -- Hawaiian and Strombolian Eruptions / S. Vergniolle and M. Mangan -- Vulcanian Eruptions / Meghan M. Morrissey and Larry G. Mastin -- Plinian and Subplinian Eruptions / Raffaello Cioni, Paola Marianelli and Roberto Santacroce / [et al.] -- Surtseyan and Related Phreatomagmatic Eruptions / James D. L. White and Bruce Houghton -- Phreatoplinian Eruptions / B. F. Houghton, C. J. N. Wilson and R. T. Smith / [et al.] -- Volcanic Plumes / Steven Carey and Marcus Bursik -- Pyroclast Transport and Deposition / Colin J. N. Wilson and Bruce F. Houghton -- Pyroclastic Fall Deposits / B. F. Houghton, C. J. N. Wilson and D. M. Pyle -- Pyroclastic Surges and Blasts / Greg A. Valentine and Richard V. Fisher -- Ignimbrites and Block-and-Ash Flow Deposits / A. Freundt, C. J. N. Wilson and S. N. Carey -- Lahars / James W. Vallance -- Debris Avalanches / Tadahide Ui, Shinji Takarada and Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto -- Volcaniclastic Sedimentation Around Island Arcs / Steven Carey -- Calderas / Peter W. Lipman -- Composite Volcanoes / Jon Davidson and Shan De Silva -- Scoria Cones and Tuff Rings / Dirk Vespermann and Hans-Ulrich Schmincke --
  • Pt. V. Extraterrestrial Volcanism -- Volcanism on the Moon / Paul D. Spudis -- Volcanism on Io / Rosaly Lopes-Gautier -- Volcanism on Venus / L. S. Crumpler and Jayne G. Aubele -- Volcanism on Mars / James R. Zimbelman -- Cryovolcanism in the Outer Solar System / Paul Geissler --
  • Pt. VI. Volcanic Interactions -- Volcanic Gases / Pierre Delmelle and John Stix -- Geothermal Systems / Fraser Goff and Cathy J. Janik -- Surface Manifestations of Geothermal Systems with Volcanic Heat Sources / Manfred P. Hochstein and Patrick R. L. Browne -- Deep Ocean Hydrothermal Vents / David A. Butterfield -- Volcanic Lakes / Pierre Delmelle and Alain Bernard -- Mineral Deposits Associated with Volcanism / Noel C. White and Richard J. Herrington --
  • Pt. VII. Volcanic Hazards -- Volcanic Ash Hazards to Aviation / T. P. Miller and T. J. Casadevall -- Volcanic Aerosol and Global Atmospheric Effects / Michael J. Mills -- Hazards from Pyroclastic Flows and Surges / Setsuya Nakada -- Lava Flow Hazards / Donald W. Peterson and Robert I. Tilling -- The Hazard from Lahars and Jokulhlaups / Kelvin S. Rodolfo -- Hazards of Volcanic Gases / Glyn Williams-Jones and Hazel Rymer -- Volcanic Tsunamis / James E. Beget -- Volcanic Seismicity / Stephen R. McNutt -- Impacts of Eruptions on Human Health / Peter J. Baxter -- Volcanic Contributions to the Carbon and Sulfur Geochemical Cycles and Global Change / Michael A. Arthur -- The Ecology of Volcanoes: Recovery and Reassembly of Living Communities / Ian W. B. Thornton -- Volcanism and Biotic Extinctions / Michael R. Rampino and Stephen Self --
  • Pt. VIII. Eruption Response and Mitigation -- Seismic Monitoring / Stephen R. McNutt -- Ground Deformation, Gravity, and Magnetics / John B. Murray, Hazel Rymer and Corinne A. Locke -- Gas, Plume, and Thermal Monitoring / John Stix and Helene Gaonac'h -- Synthesis of Volcano Monitoring / Stephen R. McNutt, Hazel Rymer and John Stix -- Volcano Warnings / Christopher G. Newhall -- Volcanic Crises Management / Servando De La Cruz-Reyna, Roberto Meli P. and Roberto Quaas W. -- Volcanic Hazards and Risk Management / Russell Blong -- Risk Education and Intervention / David Johnston and Kevin Ronan --
  • Pt. IX. Economic Benefits and Cultural Aspects of Volcanism -- Exploitation of Geothermal Resources / Stefan Arnorsson -- Volcanic Soils / Chien-Lu Ping -- Volcanic Materials in Commerce and Industry / Jonathan Dehn and Stephen R. McNutt -- Volcanoes and Tourism / Haraldur Sigurdsson and Rosaly Lopes-Gautier -- Archaeology and Volcanism / Stephen L. Harris -- Volcanoes in Art / Haraldur Sigurdsson -- Volcanoes in Literature and Film / Haraldur Sigurdsson and Rosaly Lopes-Gautier -- App. 1. Common units and conversion factors -- App. 2. Catalog of Historically Active Volcanoes on Earth / Tom Simkin and Lee Siebert
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1 online resource (110 entries)
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