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The Resource Economic Impacts of Intellectual Property-Conditioned Government Incentives

Economic Impacts of Intellectual Property-Conditioned Government Incentives

Label
Economic Impacts of Intellectual Property-Conditioned Government Incentives
Title
Economic Impacts of Intellectual Property-Conditioned Government Incentives
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Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Economic Impacts of Intellectual Property-Conditioned Government Incentives
Label
Economic Impacts of Intellectual Property-Conditioned Government Incentives
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=4562216
Publication
Copyright
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Acknowledgements -- Contents -- Contributors -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Outline of Book -- 1.2 Abridged Policy Recommendations -- References -- Inter-country Comparative Analyses and Studies From the EU -- 2 IP-Conditioned Government Incentives in China and the EU: A Comparative Analysis of Strategies and Impacts on Patent Quality -- Abstract -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Conceptual Framework -- 2.2.1 Factors/Concepts Explaining Strategic Objectives of IP-Conditioned Incentives -- 2.2.1.1 Broadest Factor: Latecomer Catch-up -- 2.2.1.2 Other Major Factors -- 2.2.2 Importance of Patent Quality, and the Impacts of Policies on Patent Quality -- 2.3 Methodology -- 2.3.1 Main Research Sources and Approach -- 2.3.2 Analysis -- 2.3.2.1 Identifying and Analyzing Trends in Strategies -- 2.3.2.2 Limitations of the Methodology -- 2.3.2.3 Assessing Impacts on Patent Quality -- 2.3.3 Policy Recommendations -- 2.4 Results and Discussion -- 2.4.1 Comparison of Strategies Behind IP-Conditioned Incentives in EU and China -- 2.4.2 Comparison of Economic Impacts of the Patent Subsidy Programs in China and Italy -- 2.4.2.1 Mini Case-Study 1: Patent Subsidies in China -- 2.4.2.2 Mini Case Study 2: Patent Fee Subsidies in Italy -- 2.4.2.3 Cross-Case Analysis -- 2.5 Conclusions and Policy Recommendations -- 2.5.1 Conclusions -- 2.5.2 Recommendations -- Acknowledgements -- Annex: Typological Analysis -- References -- 3 IP-Conditioned Subsidies in Germany and the EU: Operation, Dangers, and Recommendations -- Abstract -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.1.1 Improving Conditions for IP Development -- 3.1.2 Policies to Improve IP Development -- 3.1.3 Germany as a Model Country for IP Development -- 3.2 EU Restrictions on Subsidies and Observations on the Effectiveness of IP-Conditioned Incentives -- 3.2.1 EU Rules on Subsidies -- 3.2.1.1 Principles of the EU Related to Subsidies
  • 3.2.1.2 Legal Exceptions from Forbidden Subsidies -- 3.2.1.3 Consequences of Forbidden Subsidies -- 3.2.2 The Effectiveness of IP-Conditioned Incentives -- 3.3 Methodology -- 3.4 Analysis of the Legal and Economic Challenges of Programs Supporting Inventions and IP in Germany -- 3.4.1 Subsidies Concerning the Patent Application Procedure -- 3.4.2 Deductions in the Costs of Filing for Certain Types of Entities -- 3.4.3 Tax Law and Inventive Activity -- 3.4.4 State Subsidies -- 3.4.5 Private Support -- 3.4.6 The Employee Invention Law -- 3.5 Conclusions and Policy Recommendations -- Acknowledgements -- Annex: Additional Notes on the Framework Governing Subsidies in the EU -- References -- 4 The Impact of Public Support for SMEs' Patenting Activity: Empirical Evidence from Italy -- Abstract -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Literature Review -- 4.2.1 Patenting by SMEs: Is There a Market Failure? -- 4.2.2 Patent Subsidies for SMEs: International Experiences -- 4.2.3 The Design and Impact of Patent Subsidies: Insights from the Literature on R&D Subsidies -- 4.3 Research Design -- 4.3.1 The Research Context -- 4.3.2 Data Sources -- 4.3.3 Sample -- 4.3.4 Methods and Variables -- 4.4 Analyses and Results -- 4.4.1 The Design of Patent Subsidies Measures in Italy -- 4.4.2 The Impact of Subsidies on Patent Value and Turnover Growth: Descriptive Analyses -- 4.4.3 The Impact of Subsidies on Patent Value and Turnover Growth: Regression Analyses -- 4.5 Conclusions and Policy Implications -- Annex I -- Annex II -- References -- 5 IP-Conditioned Tax Incentives: The Right Approach to Stimulate Innovation and R&D in the European Union? -- Abstract -- 5.1 Introduction and Methodology -- 5.2 The History of European Commission Guidance to EU Member States -- 5.2.1 EU Member State National Sovereignty and Competence -- 5.2.2 EU Law Constraints on Territorial Restrictions
  • 5.2.3 EU Law Constraints on State Aid -- 5.3 The Different Types and Impact of R&D and IP-Conditioned Tax Incentives in the EU -- 5.3.1 Countries with R&D Tax Incentives -- 5.3.1.1 The Scope and Application of R&D Tax Incentives Across the EU -- 5.3.1.2 The Evaluation of R&D Tax Incentives in the EU -- 5.3.2 Member States with IP-Conditioned Tax Incentives -- 5.3.2.1 The Scope and Application of IP-Conditioned Tax Incentives in the EU -- 5.3.2.2 The Evaluation of IP-Conditioned Tax Regimes -- 5.4 Conclusions and Recommendations -- 5.4.1 EU Design Recommendations for R&D Tax Incentives -- 5.4.2 Recommendations for IP-Conditioned Tax Incentives -- References -- EU, OECD and country-specific documents -- 6 Incentives for Chinese Inventors: A Proposal for a New Inventor Remuneration Scheme with German Elements -- Abstract -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 The Concept of Stimulating Innovation Through State-Mandated Inventor Incentives -- 6.2.1 China's Motivation for the New SIR -- 6.2.2 Reward and Remuneration in China's New Draft SIR -- 6.2.2.1 Rewards -- 6.2.2.2 Remuneration -- 6.2.3 Do State-Mandated Service Inventor Regulations Encourage Innovation? -- 6.2.4 Are State-Mandated Service Invention Regulations Necessary to Stimulate Innovation? -- 6.3 Basic Framework for Assessing Optimal Conditions of China's SIR -- 6.4 Methodology -- 6.5 Discussion -- 6.5.1 Is the Regulation Clear, Consistent, Comprehensive, and Accessible to Users? -- 6.5.2 What Is the Appropriate Level of Government Involvement to Encourage Innovation? -- 6.5.3 Comparative Analysis of Different Statutory Elements of the SIR -- 6.5.3.1 Rewards -- 6.5.3.2 Remuneration -- 6.5.3.3 Do the Benefits of the Regulation Justify the Costs? -- 6.5.3.4 How Will Compliance Be Achieved? -- 6.6 Conclusions and Policy Recommendations -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Studies of China
  • 7 The Upsurge of Domestic Patent Applications in China: Is R&D Expenditure or Patent Subsidy Policy Responsible? -- Abstract -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Institutional Changes and China's Upsurge in Patenting Activity -- 7.2.1 Institutional Changes and the Patent System -- 7.2.2 Factors Leading to the Upsurge in Patenting Activity -- 7.2.2.1 'Whole Society R&D Expenditure' -- 7.2.2.2 Provincial Government Subsidies -- 7.3 Research Methods -- 7.3.1 Data Collection -- 7.3.2 Descriptive Analysis -- 7.3.3 Quantitative Model -- 7.3.3.1 Regression Model Analysis of the Number of Patent Applications -- 7.3.3.2 Equation for Expected Subsidy -- 7.3.3.3 Correlation Analysis of Variables -- 7.3.3.4 Limitations of the Method -- 7.4 Results and Discussion -- 7.4.1 Results -- 7.4.2 Discussion -- 7.5 Conclusions and Policy Implications -- Appendix A: Subsidy amounts for each province -- References -- 8 The Evolving Environment for Intellectual Property Tax Management in China -- Abstract -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 The Objectives of IP Tax Management in China -- 8.3 Methodology -- 8.4 Discussion -- 8.4.1 Focus Area 1: Benefitting from Chinese Innovation Tax Incentives -- 8.4.1.1 The Changing Context of National Law Tax Incentives -- 8.4.1.2 Varieties of National Law Tax Incentives -- 8.4.1.3 Topic Area 1 Conclusions: Challenges for MNEs and Issues for Policymakers -- 8.4.2 Focus Area 2: Mitigating Tax "Friction" -- 8.4.2.1 CIT and Remittance Administration in Relation to Technology Agreements and Services Licensed Directly from the MNE -- 8.4.2.2 TP Considerations and IP Management -- 8.4.2.3 Customs Duty -- 8.4.2.4 VAT -- 8.4.2.5 Topic Area 2 Conclusions: Challenges for MNEs and Issues for Policymakers -- 8.4.3 Topic Area 3: Tax Opportunities from the Distribution of Operations Across Jurisdictions -- 8.4.3.1 Use of IP Holding Structures
  • 8.4.3.2 Topic Area 3 Conclusions: Challenges for MNEs and Issues for Policymakers -- 8.5 Conclusions and Policy Recommendations -- References -- Literature References -- References to Laws and Regulations -- 9 Evaluating Patent Promotion Policies in China: Consequences for Patent Quantity and Quality -- Abstract -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Literature Review -- 9.3 PPPs, the Patent Application Process, and Patent Quality Measures -- 9.3.1 Patent-Promoting Policies -- 9.3.2 Overview of the Patent System and Measures of Patent Quality -- 9.4 Data Sources and Description -- 9.5 Results and Discussion -- 9.5.1 PPP Effects on Patent Quantity -- 9.5.2 The Effect of PPPs on Patent Quality -- 9.5.3 Robustness Checks -- 9.6 Conclusion and Policy Recommendations -- Acknowledgements -- Appendix I: Additional Results from Robustness Tests -- References -- 10 University Patent Licensing and Its Contribution to China's National Innovation System -- Abstract -- 10.1 Introduction and Literature Review -- 10.1.1 Government Policies for Stimulating Generation and Diffusion of Technology -- 10.1.2 Patent Licensing in China: The Focus of This Chapter -- 10.2 Methodology -- 10.2.1 Dataset Structure -- 10.2.2 Analytical Approach -- 10.3 Results -- 10.3.1 University License Overview -- 10.3.2 Structural Features of University Patent Licenses -- 10.3.2.1 Patent types and license patterns -- 10.3.2.2 Licensor Profile -- 10.3.2.3 Licensee Profile -- 10.3.2.4 Regional Differences -- 10.3.3 Regional Licensing Correlation -- 10.4 Discussion and Conclusions -- 10.5 Policy Recommendations -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 11 A Study on the Effects of Intellectual Property Policies in China: Evidence from China's 'IP Demonstration City' Program -- Abstract -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 IPPs in China -- 11.3 The IPDC Program -- 11.4 Methodology -- 11.5 Effects of the IPDC Program
  • 11.5.1 Change in the Number of Patent Applications
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