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The Resource Advancing Women in Science : An International Perspective

Advancing Women in Science : An International Perspective

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Advancing Women in Science : An International Perspective
Title
Advancing Women in Science
Title remainder
An International Perspective
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Language
eng
Summary
  • Many countries have implemented policies to increase the number and quality of scientific researchers as a means to foster innovation and spur economic development and progress. To that end, grounded in a view of women as a rich, yet underutilized knowledge and labor resource, a great deal of recent attention has focused on encouraging women to pursue education and careers in science - even in countries with longstanding dominant patriarchal regimes. Yet, overall, science remains an area in which girls and women are persistently disadvantaged. This book addresses that situation. It bridges the gap between individual- and societal-level perspectives on women in science in a search for systematic solutions to the challenge of building an inclusive and productive scientific workforce capable of creating the innovation needed for economic growth and societal wellbeing. This book examines both the role of gender as an organizing principle of social life and the relative position of women scientists within national and international labor markets. Weaving together and engaging research on globalization, the social organization of science, and gendered societal relations as key social forces, this book addresses critical issues affecting women's contributions and participation in science. Also, while considering women's representation in science as a whole, examinations of women in the chemical sciences, computing, mathematics and statistics are offered as examples to provide insights into how differing disciplinary cultures, functional tasks and socio-historical conditions can affect the advancement of women in science relative to important variations in educational and occupational realities. Edited by three social scientists recognized for their expertise in science and technology policy, education, workforce participation, and stratification, this
  • book includes contributions from an intellectually diverse group of international scholars and analysts and features compelling cases and initiatives from around the world, with implications for research, industry practice, education and policy development
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Advancing Women in Science : An International Perspective
Label
Advancing Women in Science : An International Perspective
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=2094035
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Copyright
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Foreword -- References -- Acknowledgments -- Contents -- Chapter 1: An International Perspective on Advancing Women in Science -- Chapter References -- Part I: Cross-Cultural Foundational Issues -- Chapter 2: Women's Enrollments in STEM in Higher Education: Cross-National Trends, 1970-2010 -- 2.1 World Society and Women's Status -- 2.2 Cross-National Trends -- 2.3 Discussion -- 2.4 Appendix: Countries Included in the Sample (in Alphabetical Order) -- Vignette 2.1 Road to 2015: Pre-college Gender Parity and UNESCO's Millennium Development Goals -- References -- Vignette 2.2 Historical Perspectives on Women in Chemical Sciences, Computer Science, and Mathematics -- References -- Vignette 2.3 Color.less.Edu: A Statistical Overview of the Status of Women of Color in US Higher Education at the Baccalaureate Level of S&E -- 2.4.1 Status of Women of Color -- 2.5 Conclusion -- References -- Vignette 2.4 Women's Participation in Higher Education: An Indian Scenario -- References -- Vignette 2.5 The Impact of Burundian Customs and Mores on the Scientific Careers of Burundian Women -- 2.5.1 Some Words on Burundi -- 2.5.2 Situation in Rural Areas -- 2.5.3 Situation in the City: The Case of Bujumbura, the Capital of Burundi -- 2.6 Conclusion -- Chapter References -- Chapter 3: Gender, Science, and Occupational Sex Segregation -- 3.1 Science Labor Markets and Measuring Occupational Sex Segregation -- 3.1.1 Measures of Segregation -- 3.2 Theories of Occupational Segregation and Levels of Analysis -- 3.2.1 Understanding Occupational Segregation: The Gendering of Social Relations in Science -- 3.3 Qualification and Training -- 3.4 Recruitment, Retention, and Advancement: Leaky Pipelines and Crystal Labyrinths -- 3.4.1 Recruitment -- 3.4.2 Retention and Advancement: Leaky Pipelines and Crystal Labyrinths -- 3.5 The Pay Gap: Economic Resources over the Life Course
  • 3.6 The Cloister Culture of Science -- 3.7 Institutional Processes -- 3.7.1 The Calculus of "Choice": The Individual Level -- 3.8 Gender Stereotypes -- 3.9 Gendered Norms -- 3.10 Individual-Level Choices -- 3.11 Conclusion -- Vignette 3.1 Focus on Brazil -- References -- Vignette 3.2 Greetings from Italy: What Is Changing for Women and Science and Research Careers -- References -- Vignette 3.3 A Reflection on Advancing in the Mathematical Sciences in South Africa -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter References -- Chapter 4: Building Knowledge to Narrow the Gender Divide: Data and Indicators for Women in STEM and International Benchmarking -- 4.1 Data and Indicators: Some Enduring Issues and Considerations -- 4.2 Data Collection and Indicator Development and International Benchmarking -- 4.3 Emerging Issues and Concerns -- 4.4 Concluding Remarks and Observations -- 4.5 Notes -- Vignette 4.1 The Perception of Equality Between Males and Females in STEM Higher Education Opportunities Among Vietnamese Academics -- References -- Vignette 4.2 Women in Science: The Case of Singapore -- References -- Vignette 4.3 Pakistani Women Scientists: Promises and Constraints -- References -- Chapter References -- Part II: Exemplar Disciplines -- Chapter 5: International Status of Women in the Chemical Sciences -- 5.1 Background and Purpose -- 5.2 The United States -- 5.2.1 Minority Women -- 5.2.1.1 Undergraduate Degrees -- 5.2.1.2 Graduate Enrollment and Degree Trends -- Master's Degrees -- Doctoral Degrees -- 5.2.1.3 Postdoctoral and Academic Appointments -- Faculty Representation -- 5.3 Poland -- 5.4 The United Kingdom -- 5.5 Germany -- 5.5.1 Student Enrollment and Degree Outcomes -- 5.5.1.1 Employment Data -- 5.5.1.2 Women in Industry -- 5.6 Denmark -- 5.7 Canada -- 5.8 Brazil -- 5.9 Barriers in the Workplace -- 5.9.1 Industry -- 5.9.2 Academia
  • 5.9.3 Family-Related Issues -- 5.10 Conclusions -- Vignette 5.1 Enrollment and Degree Awards in Chemical Engineering Sybrina Atwaters and Yu Tao -- 5.11 Introduction -- 5.12 Findings -- 5.13 Discussion and Conclusion -- References -- Vignette 5.2 Science Activities in Taiwan -- 5.14 Chemistry Papago ("Chemistry Down the Road") -- 5.15 Science Camps for Junior High School Students -- 5.16 Science Camps for High School Students -- 5.17 Gender and Science Summer/Winter Camps -- Chapter References -- Chapter 6: Women in Mathematics: Change, Inertia, Stratification, Segregation -- 6.1 Graduate Education -- 6.1.1 Mathematics Doctorates -- 6.1.2 Doctorates Granted to Women and Gender Segregation -- 6.2 Differences in Cultural Attitudes -- 6.3 Change, Demographic Inertia, and Gender Stratification -- 6.3.1 Change in the Pipeline: Tertiary Education to Assistant Professor -- 6.3.2 Demographic Inertia in the Trough: Faculty Employment -- 6.3.3 Stratification in Academic Employment, Awards, and Degrees -- 6.4 Concluding Remarks -- 6.5 Appendix: Mathematics Ph.D.s in 2010, by Gender and Nation -- Vignette 6.1 Importance of HBCUs in the Development and Nurturing of African American Women Mathematicians -- References -- Vignette 6.2 Mexican Women in Mathematical Research -- 6.6 The National System of Research -- 6.7 Mathematicians as Members of SNI -- 6.8 Programs to Promote Women's Participation -- References -- Vignette 6.3 Women and Mathematics in Cambodia Chantara Tann -- 6.9 Girls' Education in Cambodia -- 6.10 Why Do Girls Like and Dislike Studying Mathematics? -- 6.11 Why Did I Study Mathematics? -- References -- Chapter References -- Chapter 7: Women in Statistics: Scientific Contributions Versus Rewards -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Scientific Contributions of Some Women Statisticians -- 7.2.1 Florence Nightingale -- 7.2.2 F.N. David
  • 7.2.3 Stella Cunliffe -- 7.2.4 Gertrude Cox -- 7.2.5 Elizabeth Scott -- 7.2.6 Margaret Martin -- 7.2.7 Janet Norwood -- 7.2.8 Other Women Statisticians -- 7.3 Rewards -- Vignette 7.1 A Glimpse into Women Who Lay the Foundation for the Development of Statistics in Canada -- 7.4 Estelle Bee Dagum -- 7.5 Priscilla Greenwood -- 7.6 Agnes M. Herzberg -- 7.7 Mary Thompson -- 7.8 Constance van Eeden -- Vignette 7.2 The Status of Women Faculty in Departments of Statistics and Biostatistics in the United States -- References -- Vignette 7.3 Women in Biostatistics: A Case of Success in the United States -- 7.9 Educational Paths -- 7.10 Career Choices -- References -- Chapter References -- Chapter 8: Gender and Computing -- 8.1 Gender and Computing -- 8.2 Caveats: Information and Data Availability -- 8.3 Cross-National Variation in Women's Participation in Computing -- 8.3.1 Education -- 8.3.2 Workforce -- 8.4 Explanations for the Gender Gap in Participation in Computing -- 8.5 Women's Impact on Computing -- 8.6 Conclusion -- Vignette 8.1 Faculty Wives of Computing -- References -- Vignette 8.2 Making a Meaningful Choice: Women's Selection of Computer Science in India -- 8.7 Methodology -- 8.8 Findings -- 8.8.1 Why Do Women Choose Computer Science? -- 8.8.2 Why Do Women Perform Well in Computer Science? -- 8.8.3 How Do Women Perceive Computer Science? -- 8.8.4 Why Do Women Stay in Computer Science? -- 8.8.5 What Women Hope to Get with a Computer Science Degree? -- 8.9 Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter References -- Part III: Policies and Programs -- Chapter 9: Promising Programs: A Cross-National Exploration of Women in Science, Education to Workforce -- 9.1 The Issue -- 9.2 Methodology and Empirical Challenges -- 9.2.1 Some Historical Examples -- 9.2.2 Another Approach -- 9.3 The State of Play -- 9.4 An Analysis of Select Programs
  • 9.4.1 COACh: Committee on the Advancement of Women Chemists -- 9.4.2 NSF Broadening Participation in Computing/NCWIT -- 9.4.2.1 NCWIT: The National Center for Women in Technology -- 9.4.3 NSF ADVANCE -- 9.4.3.1 University of Wisconsin-Madison ADVANCE -- 9.4.4 OWSD (TWAS) Postgraduate Training Fellowship Program -- 9.5 The "Life Cycle" of Programs: Policy and Practice -- 9.5.1 Program Practice -- 9.5.2 The Link to Public Policy -- 9.6 Conclusions -- Vignette 9.1 We've Only Just Begun: What Worked and What Has Not Worked Well So Far for the Promotion of Women Scientists in Japan -- Vignette 9.2 Initiatives Promoting Women in Science at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) -- References -- Vignette 9.3 Building the Mathematics Capacity in the Developing World: The United States Participation in the Volunteer Lecturer Program -- 9.8 The Experience of the First Woman Lecturer -- 9.9 The First VLP Student in the United States: Following the Mathematics Dream -- 9.10 US Graduate Students Serving as Teaching Assistants in the Developing World -- 9.11 Science Diplomacy: VLP Reception at the US Embassy in Cambodia -- Chapter References -- Chapter 10: Advancing Women in Science: Policies for Progress -- 10.1 Conceptual Foundation -- 10.2 Analytical Dimensions -- 10.3 Problem and Issue Identification -- 10.4 Policy Statement -- 10.4.1 Promising Policies Include Targets and Quotas -- 10.4.1.1 Targets -- 10.4.1.2 Quotas -- 10.4.2 Promising Policies Delineate Benchmarks to Assess Progress -- 10.5 Relevant Data -- 10.6 Gender Mainstreaming -- 10.7 Institutionalization and Sustainability -- 10.8 Diffusion -- 10.9 Conclusion -- Vignette 10.1 A Comprehensive National Approach to Promote Gender Equality in Science: The Case of Norway -- References -- Vignette 10.2 Women's Advancement in Science and Engineering in South Africa
  • 10.10 Looking into the Data
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1 online resource (353 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319086293
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computer
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rdamedia
Media type code
c
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