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The Resource Advances in Sulphonation Techniques : Liquid Sulphur Dioxide as a Solvent of Sulphur Trioxide

Advances in Sulphonation Techniques : Liquid Sulphur Dioxide as a Solvent of Sulphur Trioxide

Label
Advances in Sulphonation Techniques : Liquid Sulphur Dioxide as a Solvent of Sulphur Trioxide
Title
Advances in Sulphonation Techniques
Title remainder
Liquid Sulphur Dioxide as a Solvent of Sulphur Trioxide
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Member of
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Series statement
SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology
Series volume
v.151
Advances in Sulphonation Techniques : Liquid Sulphur Dioxide as a Solvent of Sulphur Trioxide
Label
Advances in Sulphonation Techniques : Liquid Sulphur Dioxide as a Solvent of Sulphur Trioxide
Link
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Copyright
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface -- Contents -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Preamble -- 1.1.1 History of Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid in India -- 1.1.2 History of Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid -- 1.1.2.1 Sulphuric Acid Manufacture has Flourished Since the Mid-19th Century -- 1.1.3 Salient Features of the Modified (3 + 2) DCDA Process -- 2 Chemical and Physical Properties of Sulphur Dioxide and Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Sulphur Dioxide Physical Properties -- 2.3 Vaporisation of SO2 -- 2.4 The Solubility of SO2 in Sulphuric Acid -- 2.5 Solubility of Sulphur Dioxide in Water -- 2.6 Chemical Properties of Sulphur Dioxide -- 2.7 Physical Properties of Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.8 General Properties of Liquid Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.9 Properties of Liquid Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.10 Viscosity of Liquid Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.11 Specific Gravity of Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.12 Vapour Pressure of Liquid Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.13 Molar Heat Capacity of Liquid Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.14 Vaporisation Curves for Sulphur Dioxide -- 2.15 Enthalpy of Sulphur Trioxide Gas -- 2.16 Chemical Properties of Sulphur Trioxide -- 2.16.1 Commercially Sulphur Trioxide Is Produced by Converting 10--12 % SO2 by Catalytic Conversion at Temperatures Between 360--600 C̊ in Multipass Converter of Sulphuric Acid Plant -- 2.17 One of the Special Chemical Properties of SO3 Which Has Been Safer but not Explored till date -- 2.18 Sulphur Trioxide Is a Strong Sulphonating Agent for Difficult, Organic and Inorganic Chemicals -- 2.18.1 Treatment of Sulphuric Acid Plant Tail Gas from Final Absorption Tower -- 3 Manufacture of Sulphonating Agents Such as 25 and 65 % Oleums as well as Liquid Sulphur Trioxide -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Production of 25 % Oleum -- 3.2.1 History -- 3.3 Technical Considerations -- 3.4 Manufacturing -- 3.5 65 % Oleum -- 3.5.1 Introduction -- 3.6 Manufacturing -- 3.7 Uses
  • 3.8 Sulphur Trioxide (Liquid or Gas) -- 3.8.1 Introduction -- 3.9 Manufacture -- 3.10 Economic Considerations -- 4 Manufacture of Liquid Sulphur Dioxide -- 4.1 Manufacture of Liquid Sulphur Dioxide -- 4.2 Thermodynamic and Kinetic Consideration of the NEAT's Process -- 4.3 International Scenario -- 4.4 Merchant Market for SO2 in Various for Many Industrial Applications -- 4.5 Process Description -- 4.6 Operational Considerations -- 4.6.1 Condensation and Filling Section -- 4.7 Economics -- 4.8 Environmental Considerations -- 4.9 Conclusion -- 5 World Production of Liquid SO2 and SO3 -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 World Scenario -- 5.2.1 Comparative Analysis on Techno Economic Considerations -- 5.3 Economics of Manufacture of Liquid SO2 -- 5.4 Economics of Manufacture of Liquid SO3 -- 5.5 Conclusion -- 6 Techno Economic Evaluation of Processes Involved to Manufacture Liquid Sulphur Dioxide and Liquid Sulphur Trioxide -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 History -- 6.3 Production by Burning Sulphur Cooling, Absorption in Alkali and Desorption, Drying by Sulphuric Acid, Compression and Condensation by Refrigeration -- 6.4 Production by Use of Organic Solvent from by Product SO2 Generated in Specific Chemical Reactions -- 6.5 Production by Use of Concentrated Oleum (65 %) and Solid Sulphur Using Compression and Refrigeration (Batch Process) -- 6.6 Production by Using Molten Sulphur and Liquid SO3 Under Pressure Without Compression and Refrigeration (Adopted by NEAT) -- 6.7 Economic Considerations -- 6.8 Conclusion -- 7 Application of Sulphonation by Liquid SO3 Dissolved in Liquid SO2 -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Properties of Sulphamic Acid -- 7.3 Process -- 7.4 Uses -- 7.5 Conclusion -- 8 Impact on the Future Processes for the Manufacture of Chemicals -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Raw Materials Required -- 8.3 Major Areas in Which Experimental Work Should Be Directed
  • 8.4 Specifications (PTSA Monohydrate) -- 8.5 Commercial Details Current Manufacturers in India -- 8.6 Applications and End Use -- 8.7 Effluent Expected -- 8.8 Alternate Process (Proposed) -- 8.9 Key Physical Properties for the New Process -- 9 Case Studies and Its Commercial Application -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 NEAT's Innovative C̀̀old Process'' -- 9.3 Para Toluene Sulphonic Acid -- 9.4 Synthesis (Outline) -- 9.5 Specifications (PTSA Monohydrate) -- 9.6 Commercial Details -- 9.7 Some Key Physical Parameters -- 9.8 Important Inferences -- 9.9 Techno Commercial Advantages of NEAT's Innovative Process to Manufacture PTS Acid -- 9.10 Case Study for Innovative Process Invented by NEAT to Carry Out Chloro Sulphonation of Toluene Without Refrigeration and CSA Plant as Raw Material to Manufacture Saccharine -- 9.10.1 Introduction -- 9.11 Conventional Process -- 9.12 A Brief Description of the Innovative Process Is to Affect the Drawbacks in the Conventional Process Is Indicated in Fig. 9.1. the Main Features of the Process Are as Under -- 9.13 Economics -- 9.14 Conclusion -- 10 Summary -- Appendices -- Bibliography
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Extent
1 online resource (98 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319226415
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
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unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

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