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The Resource Advances in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Pipeline Transportation Processes

Advances in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Pipeline Transportation Processes

Advances in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Pipeline Transportation Processes
Advances in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Pipeline Transportation Processes
Providing a comprehensive analysis of CO2 compression, transportation processes and safety issues for post combustion CO2 capture applications for a 900 MW pulverized hard coal-fired power plant, this book assesses techniques for boosting the pressure of CO2 to pipeline pressure values with a minimal amount of energy. Four different types of compressors are examined in detail: a conventional multistage centrifugal compressor, integrally geared centrifugal compressor, supersonic shock wave compressor, and pump machines. The study demonstrates that the total compression power is closely related to the thermodynamic process and is not determined by compressor efficiency alone. Another problem addressed is that of CO2 pipeline transport from the compressor outlet site to a disposal site under heat transfer conditions. The book also features an analysis of simulations and models that are used to determine the maximum safe pipeline distance to subsequent booster stations as a function of inlet pressure, ambient temperature, thickness of the thermal insulation and ground-level heat flux conditions. This book focuses on compression as well as transportation processes with particular emphasis on the safety risks related to the transport of CO2. The most important problem in terms of environmental protection is ensuring precise and reliable hazard identification. As hazards can only be managed effectively if they are properly identified, problems involving the discharge and atmospheric dispersion of CO2 are also discussed
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SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology
Advances in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Pipeline Transportation Processes
Advances in Carbon Dioxide Compression and Pipeline Transportation Processes
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  • Contents -- Nomenclature -- Abstract -- 1 General Introduction -- References -- 2 General Physical Properties of CO2 in Compression and Transportation Processes -- Abstract -- 2.1 Physical Properties of Carbon Dioxide -- 2.2 Effects of Impurities on the CO2 Phase Diagram -- 2.3 Establishing CO2 Pipeline Pressure -- References -- 3 Compression and Pumping Technology Options -- Abstract -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Thermodynamic Analysis -- 3.3 Boundary Conditions and Characteristics of the Compressing Process -- 3.3.1 Methods Used to Determine Compression Processes -- 3.3.2 Polytropic Process: Real Gas Behavior -- 3.3.3 Calculation Results -- 3.4 Compression Technology Options -- 3.4.1 Ordinary and Integrally Geared Centrifugal Compressors -- 3.4.2 Ramgen's Supersonic Shock Wave Compressor -- 3.4.3 Compression and Pumping with Supercritical Liquefaction -- 3.5 Overview of CO2 Compression Strategies -- 3.5.1 In-line Multistage Centrifugal Compressors with Interstage Cooling -- 3.5.2 Multistage Centrifugal Integrally Geared Compressors -- 3.5.3 Advanced Supersonic Shock Wave Compressors -- 3.5.4 Compression and Pumping with Supercritical Liquefaction -- 3.5.5 Compression and Pumping with Subcritical Liquefaction -- 3.5.6 Compression and Refrigeration Pumping -- 3.5.7 Summary of Compression Options -- 3.6 Conclusions -- References -- 4 Reference Options of the CO2 Compression Processes Available for Technological Concepts of a 900 MW Pulverized Coal-Fired Power Plant -- Abstract -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Compression Processes Using Compressors Only -- 4.2.1 Ordinary Two-Shaft Multistage Centrifugal Compressor -- 4.2.2 Selection of IntersectionInterstage Coolers -- General Introduction -- Cooling Water Temperature -- Pressure Drop -- Calculation Results
  • 4.2.3 Eight-Stage Integrally Geared Compressor with Seven Intercoolers -- Introduction -- Compressor Conception -- Selection of Interstage Coolers -- Intermediate CompressionPumping -- 4.3 Compression and Pumping -- 4.3.1 Introduction -- 4.3.2 Six-Stage Integrally Geared Centrifugal Compressor -- 4.3.3 Pumping Process -- 4.3.4 Summary of Compression Options -- References -- 5 The Use of Waste Heat from the CO2 Compression Process -- Abstract -- 5.1 Basic Assumptions and Subject of Analysis -- 5.2 Analysis of Heat Recovery from the Compression Process -- 5.3 8-Stage Integrally Geared CO2 Compressor with Heat Recovery -- 5.4 2-Stage Shock Wave Compressor with Heat Recovery -- 5.5 Conclusions -- References -- 6 Analysis of Transportation Systems for CO2 Sequestration -- Abstract -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 CO2 Properties in Pipeline Transport -- 6.3 Pressure Loss Correlation -- 6.4 Results and Discussion -- 6.4.1 Comparison Between Adiabatic and Isothermal Transmission -- Maximum Safe Transport Distance -- Pipe Diameter Impact -- 6.4.2 Energy Balance with Surroundings -- General Remarks -- Choking Conditions -- Impact of Ambient Temperature and of the Thermal Insulation Layer -- 6.5 Conclusions -- References -- 7 Analysis of Risk Related to Carbon Dioxide Pipeline Transport -- Abstract -- 7.1 Risk Definition -- 7.1.1 Risk Analysis -- 7.1.2 Risk Acceptability Criteria -- 7.2 Identification of Hazardous Scenarios -- 7.2.1 Hazards in CCS Technologies -- 7.2.2 Hazards Involved with Carbon Dioxide Storage -- 7.2.3 Hazards Involved with Carbon Dioxide Storage in Tanks -- 7.2.4 Hazards Involved with Carbon Dioxide Transport -- 7.3 Probability of Occurrence of Hazardous Scenarios -- 7.3.1 A Pipeline Failure Event Tree -- 7.3.2 Probability of Pipeline Damage Due to Corrosion
  • 7.4 Assessment of Consequences of Damage to a Pipeline Transporting CO2 -- 7.4.1 Analysis of Phenomena Occurring in a Damaged Pipeline -- 7.4.2 Carbon Dioxide Impact Consequences -- 7.4.3 Estimation of Zones with Elevated Concentrations of Carbon Dioxide -- 7.4.4 Hazard Zones Related to Carbon Dioxide Tanks -- Analysis of the tank size impact -- Analysis of the tank shape impact -- Analysis of the impact of changes in the tank positioning -- 7.5 Estimation of Risk Posed by Carbon Dioxide Pipeline Transport -- 7.5.1 Individual Risk Estimation -- 7.5.2 Social Risk Estimation -- 7.6 Methods of Risk Reduction-Optimization of Safety Valves Spacing -- References
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1 online resource (141 pages)
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      110 8th St, Troy, NY, 12180, US
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