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The Resource Acute Care Surgery Handbook : Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies

Acute Care Surgery Handbook : Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies

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Acute Care Surgery Handbook : Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies
Title
Acute Care Surgery Handbook
Title remainder
Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies
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Language
eng
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Acute Care Surgery Handbook : Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies
Label
Acute Care Surgery Handbook : Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies
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http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=4820325
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Foreword -- Preface -- Contents -- Chapter 1: Acute Abdomen: Clinical Assessment and Decision-Making -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.2 Acute Generalized Abdominal Pain with Tenderness -- 1.3 Localized Abdominal Pain with Tenderness -- 1.3.1 Pain Around the Umbilicus and Epigastrium -- 1.3.2 RUQ Pain -- 1.3.3 LUQ Pain -- 1.3.4 Pain in the Hypogastrium -- 1.3.5 RLQ Pain -- 1.3.6 LLQ Pain -- 1.4 Acute Abdominal Pain Without Tenderness -- 1.4.1 Early Acute Mesenteric Ischemia (AMI) -- 1.4.2 Pain Radiating to the Back -- 1.5 Nonspecific Abdominal Pain (NSAP) -- 1.6 Painful Abdominal Wall Swelling -- 1.7 The Postoperative Acute Abdomen -- References -- Chapter 2: Diagnostic Tools in ACS: CT Scan, Diagnostic Laparoscopy, and Exploratory Laparotomy -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 CT Scanning -- 2.2.1 Perforated Gastroduodenal Ulcers -- 2.2.2 Cholecystitis -- 2.2.3 Choledocholithiasis -- 2.2.4 Pancreatitis -- 2.2.5 Small Bowel Obstruction -- 2.2.6 Mesenteric Ischemia -- 2.2.7 Appendicitis -- 2.2.8 Diverticulitis -- 2.3 Diagnostic Laparoscopy -- 2.4 Exploratory Laparotomy -- 2.5 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 3: Laparoscopy: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Tool for  Acute Care Surgery -- 3.1 Patient Position and Trocar Setup -- 3.2 Nonspecific Abdominal Pain (NSAP) -- 3.3 Appendicitis -- 3.4 Perforated Duodenal Ulcer -- 3.5 Small Intestinal Obstruction/Incarcerated Hernia -- 3.6 Acute Cholecystitis -- 3.7 Diverticulitis -- 3.8 Trauma -- 3.9 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 4: Esophageal Non-bleeding Emergencies: Minimally Invasive and Endoscopic Management of Esophageal Perforations -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Clinical Features and Diagnosis -- 4.2.1 Iatrogenic Injury -- 4.2.2 Boerhaave's Syndrome -- 4.2.3 Caustic Injury -- 4.2.4 Foreign Body -- 4.2.5 External Trauma -- 4.3 Treatment -- 4.3.1 Esophageal Stenting -- 4.3.2 Endoscopic Clipping
  • 4.3.3 Endoluminal Vacuum Therapy -- 4.3.4 Minimally Invasive Surgery -- 4.4 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 5: Management of Postoperative Complications in Esophagogastric Surgery -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Esophageal Surgery -- 5.2.1 Respiratory Complications -- 5.2.2 Surgical Site Infections and Cardiovascular Complications -- 5.2.3 Anastomotic Leakage -- 5.2.4 Gastric Resection Line Leakage -- 5.2.5 Ischemia of the Gastric/Colonic Conduit -- 5.2.6 Gastric Outlet Obstruction -- 5.2.7 Chylothorax -- 5.3 Gastric Surgery -- 5.3.1 Duodenal Stump Leakage -- 5.3.2 Anastomotic Leakage -- 5.3.3 Gastric Staple-Line Leakage After Sleeve Gastrectomy -- 5.3.4 Intra-abdominal Sepsis -- 5.4 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 6: Management of Complicated and Strangulated Hiatal Hernias -- 6.1 Classification and Pathophysiology of Hiatal Hernia -- 6.1.1 Classification -- 6.1.2 Pathophysiology -- 6.2 Clinical Manifestations in the Acute Setting -- 6.2.1 Presentation -- 6.2.1.1 Gastric Volvulus -- 6.2.1.2 Obstruction -- 6.2.1.3 Bleeding -- 6.2.1.4 Strangulation -- 6.2.1.5 Perforation -- 6.2.2 Diagnosis -- 6.2.2.1 Computed Tomography -- 6.2.2.2 Upper GI Series -- 6.2.2.3 Manometry and pH Testing -- 6.2.2.4 Endoscopy -- 6.3 Indications for Surgical Repair -- 6.3.1 Elective Indications -- 6.3.2 Urgent Indications -- 6.3.3 Emergent Indications -- 6.4 Surgical Principles and Techniques -- 6.4.1 Laparoscopic Versus Open -- 6.4.2 Transthoracic Versus Transabdominal Approach -- 6.4.3 Hernia Sac Excision Versus Simple Reduction -- 6.4.4 Primary Repair Versus Mesh Repair -- 6.4.5 Gastropexy Versus Wrap -- References -- Chapter 7: Upper Gastrointestinal Haemorrhage -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Initial Management -- 7.3 Endoscopy -- 7.4 Surgery -- 7.5 Variceal Haemorrhage -- References -- Chapter 8: Management of Perforated Peptic Ulcer -- 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis -- 8.3 Preoperative Evaluation and Care -- 8.4 Surgical Management -- 8.5 Postoperative Management -- 8.6 Nonoperative Management and Alternative Managements -- 8.7 Complex Situations and Alternatives -- References -- Chapter 9: Small Bowel Bleeding -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Diagnosis and Management -- 9.2.1 Primary Evaluation -- 9.2.2 Secondary Evaluation -- 9.2.3 Endoscopic Visualization of the Small Intestine -- 9.3 Treatment of Small Bowel Bleeding and Outcomes -- 9.4 The Role of Surgery -- 9.5 What to Do in Emergency Setting? Proposal of a Diagnostic Algorithm -- 9.6 Appendix: Reminder Keywords: Definitions -- References -- Chapter 10: Colorectal Bleeding Emergencies -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Resuscitation -- 10.3 Diagnosis and Localization -- 10.4 Treatment -- 10.5 Outcomes -- Selected Reading -- Chapter 11: Acute Pancreatitis -- 11.1 Etiology and Pathogenesis -- 11.2 Diagnosis and Estimation of Severity -- 11.3 Treatment -- 11.3.1 Mild Acute Pancreatitis -- 11.3.2 Severe Acute Pancreatitis -- 11.3.2.1 Fluid Resuscitation -- 11.3.2.2 Enteral Nutrition -- 11.3.2.3 Antibiotics -- 11.3.2.4 Surgical Management -- 11.3.3 Abdominal Compartment Syndrome -- 11.3.4 Infected Pancreatic Necrosis -- 11.3.5 Surgery for Extrapancreatic Complications -- 11.3.6 Biliary Surgery -- Recommend Literature -- Chapter 12: Acute Cholecystitis and Cholangitis -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Acute Calculous Cholecystitis -- 12.2.1 Presentation of ACC -- 12.2.2 Laboratory Test -- 12.2.3 Imaging -- 12.2.3.1 Ultrasound -- 12.2.3.2 Computed Tomography (CT) -- 12.2.3.3 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) -- 12.2.3.4 Hepato-iminodiacetic Acid (HIDA) Scintigraphy -- 12.2.4 Treatment -- 12.2.5 Acute Calculous Cholecystitis and Choledocholithiasis -- 12.3 Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis -- 12.3.1 Diagnosis -- 12.3.2 Treatment
  • 12.4 Acute Cholangitis -- 12.4.1 Presentation -- 12.4.2 Laboratory Test -- 12.4.3 Imaging -- 12.4.4 Treatment -- References -- Chapter 13: Endoscopic Techniques for Biliary and Pancreatic Acute Diseases -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Biliopancreatic Acute Diseases -- 13.2.1 Acute Cholangitis -- 13.2.2 Acute Pancreatitis -- 13.2.3 Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis (RAP) -- 13.3 Endoscopic Management of Acute Biliopancreatic Diseases -- 13.3.1 ERCP -- 13.3.2 EUS-Guided Biliary Drainage -- References -- Chapter 14: Laparoscopy in Surgical Emergencies -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Laparoscopy: The Beginning -- 14.3 The Introduction of Laparoscopy to Emergency Procedures -- 14.4 Laparoscopy in Acute Appendicitis -- 14.5 Laparoscopy in Perforated Peptic Ulcers -- 14.6 Bowel Obstruction -- 14.7 Acute Diverticulitis -- 14.8 Management Based on Grade and Clinical Status -- 14.9 Acute Cholecystitis -- 14.10 Laparoscopy in Trauma -- References -- Chapter 15: Prevention of Biliary Injuries in Acute Cholecystitis -- Suggested Reading -- Chapter 16: Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction (ASBO) -- 16.1 Introduction -- 16.2 Clinical Presentation -- 16.3 Laboratory Findings -- 16.4 Radiologic Diagnosis -- 16.5 Nonoperative Management -- 16.5.1 Patients' Selection -- 16.5.2 Tube Decompression, WSCA, and Other Treatments -- 16.6 Surgery -- 16.6.1 Open Surgery -- 16.6.2 Laparoscopy -- 16.7 Prevention -- 16.7.1 Surgical Technique -- 16.7.2 Anti-adhesion Barriers -- References -- Chapter 17: Large Bowel Obstruction -- 17.1 Introduction -- 17.2 Etiology -- 17.3 Clinical Presentation of Acute Large Bowel Obstruction -- 17.4 Diagnosis -- 17.5 Initial Management of Large Bowel Obstruction -- 17.6 Specific Causes and Treatment -- 17.6.1 Colorectal Cancer -- 17.6.1.1 Obstructing Right Colon Lesions -- 17.6.1.2 Obstructing Left Colon Lesions -- 17.6.2 Colonic Volvulus
  • 17.6.2.1 Cecal Volvulus -- 17.6.2.2 Sigmoid Volvulus -- 17.6.3 Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction -- 17.7 Summary -- References -- Chapter 18: Endoscopic Management of Large Bowel Obstruction -- 18.1 Introduction -- 18.2 Indications -- 18.2.1 SEMS as a Bridge to Surgery -- 18.2.2 Palliative SEMS -- 18.3 Technical Considerations -- 18.4 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 19: Management of Colonic Diverticulitis -- 19.1 Introduction -- 19.2 Classification Systems -- 19.3 Diagnosis -- 19.4 Management -- 19.4.1 Immunocompromised Patients -- 19.4.2 Uncomplicated Acute Diverticulitis -- 19.4.3 Localized Complicated Diverticulitis -- 19.4.4 Diverticular Abscess -- 19.4.5 Diffuse Peritonitis -- 19.4.6 Antimicrobial Therapy -- References -- Chapter 20: Laparoscopy for Perforated Acute Diverticulitis -- 20.1 Introduction -- 20.2 Laparoscopic Peritoneal Lavage for Hinchey III Diverticulitis -- 20.3 Laparoscopic Sigmoid Resection for Hinchey III and IV Diverticulitis -- 20.4 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 21: Incarcerated and Strangulated Abdominal Wall Hernias -- 21.1 Introduction -- 21.2 Timing of Intervention -- 21.3 Treatment -- 21.3.1 Treatment in Clean Field -- 21.3.2 Treatment in Clean-Contaminated and Contaminated Field -- 21.3.3 Treatment in Dirty-Infected Field -- 21.4 Laparoscopic Repair -- 21.5 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 22: Acute Appendicitis: Diagnosis and Nonoperative Management -- 22.1 What is Appendicitis? -- 22.2 Natural History -- 22.2.1 Implications of Early Perforation and Resolving Appendicitis -- 22.3 Diagnosis -- 22.3.1 History, Signs and Symptoms -- 22.3.2 Systemic Inflammation -- 22.3.3 Diagnostic Imaging -- 22.3.4 Clinical Score -- 22.3.4.1 Impact of Time and Repeat Examination -- 22.3.5 Diagnostic Laparoscopy -- 22.4 Putting It All Together Through a Structured Management -- 22.4.1 Risk Stratification and Algorithm
  • 22.4.1.1 Low Probability
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online
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9783319153629
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