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The Resource ATEX - Explosive Atmospheres : Risk Assessment, Control and Compliance

ATEX - Explosive Atmospheres : Risk Assessment, Control and Compliance

Label
ATEX - Explosive Atmospheres : Risk Assessment, Control and Compliance
Title
ATEX - Explosive Atmospheres
Title remainder
Risk Assessment, Control and Compliance
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Member of
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Series statement
Springer Series in Reliability Engineering Ser
ATEX - Explosive Atmospheres : Risk Assessment, Control and Compliance
Label
ATEX - Explosive Atmospheres : Risk Assessment, Control and Compliance
Link
http://libproxy.rpi.edu/login?url=https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/rpi/detail.action?docID=4499586
Publication
Copyright
Related Contributor
Related Location
Related Agents
Related Authorities
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Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface -- Contents -- 1 ATEX-Introduction -- 1.1 Disclaimer -- Part I ATEX Workplace Safety Aspects-Employer Obligations -- 2 ATEX-Workplace Legislation -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Explosions-Hazards and Risks -- 2.3 Workplace Obligations (Directive 1999/92) -- 2.3.1 Zone Classification-Likelihood of Explosive Atmosphere Being Present -- 2.3.2 Likelihood of Ignition Sources Being Present and Effective -- 2.3.3 Anticipated Effects -- 2.3.4 Explosion Protection Document -- 2.4 Equipment Selection -- 2.5 Explosion Protection Measures-Mitigating the Effects -- 3 ATEX-Risk Parameters -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Gas/Vapour Explosion Risk Parameters -- 3.2.1 Flash Point (TF) -- 3.2.2 Limits of Flammability -- 3.2.3 Auto-Ignition Temperature -- 3.2.4 Gas Group -- 3.2.5 Vapor Density -- 3.2.6 Summarizing -- 3.2.7 Examples -- 3.3 Dust Explosion Risk Parameters -- 3.3.1 Physical Properties -- 3.3.2 Minimum Explosive Concentration (LEL) -- 3.3.3 Minimum Ignition Energy (MIE) -- 3.3.4 Minimum Ignition Temperature (MIT or Tig) -- 3.3.5 Layer Ignition Temperature (LIT or Ts) -- 3.3.6 Max Explosion Pressure (Pmax) -- 3.3.7 Kst Value (Max Rate of Pressure Rise) -- 3.3.8 Powder Volume Resistivity -- 3.3.9 Housekeeping -- 3.3.10 Summarizing -- 3.3.11 Examples -- 4 ATEX-Prevention -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Avoidance of Fuel (Flammable Materials) -- 4.3 Keeping Conditions Outside the Flammable Range -- 4.4 Inerting -- 4.5 Carbon Dioxide (CO2) -- 4.5.1 CO2 Inerting at Coal Grinding -- 4.6 Nitrogen (N2) -- 5 ATEX-Equipment Selection -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Temperature Considerations -- 5.3 Gas and Dust Groups -- 5.4 Ingress Protection -- 5.5 Method of Protection -- 5.5.1 Electrical Equipment -- 5.5.2 Non-electrical Equipment Types of Protection -- 5.6 ATEX Marking -- 5.7 ATEX EU Declaration and Attestation of Conformity -- 6 ATEX-Mitigating Measures
  • 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Explosion Relief Venting -- 6.2.1 Use of Vent Ducts -- 6.2.2 Effects External to the Vent -- 6.3 Explosion Resistant Design (Explosion Containment) -- 6.4 Explosion Suppression -- 6.5 Explosion Isolation (Explosion Decoupling) -- 7 ATEX-Risk Assessment -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Likelihood of an Explosive Atmosphere -- 7.3 Likelihood of an Effective Ignition Source -- 7.4 Comprehensive Risk Assessment -- 7.5 Anticipated Effects of an Explosion -- 7.6 Some Aspects of Controlling Risks Due to Static Electricity -- 7.6.1 Charge Generation -- 7.6.2 Electrostatic Charge Accumulation -- 7.6.3 Discharge Mechanism -- 7.6.4 Control Methods -- 7.6.4.1 Metallic and Conductive Components -- 7.6.4.2 Flexible Hoses and Connections -- 7.6.4.3 Personnel and Flooring -- 7.6.4.4 Liquids -- 7.6.4.5 Powders -- 7.6.4.6 Non-conductive Components -- 7.6.4.7 Vessels -- 7.7 Battery Charging Areas -- 8 Zone Classification-Oil Fluids -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Classification of Oil Fluids -- 8.3 Zone Classification-The Simple Cases -- 8.4 Zone Classification Key Terms -- 8.5 Zone Classification Technique -- 8.6 Zone Classification and Risk Assessment -- 8.7 Some Zone Classification Situations -- 8.7.1 Road Tanker Unloading (Open Air) -- 8.7.2 Storage Tanks and Vents -- 8.7.3 Liquid Pools Due to Spillage in Open Air -- 8.7.4 Point Source Releases (Failure Leaks) in Open Air -- 8.7.5 Some Aspects of Indoor Releases -- 8.8 Ambient Temperatures -- References -- 9 Zone Classification-Natural Gas -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Grade of Release -- 9.2.1 Primary Grade of Release -- 9.2.2 Secondary Grade of Release -- 9.3 Gas Zones, Definition and Guidelines -- 9.4 Effects of Ventilation -- 9.5 Natural Gas Zone Classification Around Installations -- 9.5.1 Leakage -- 9.5.2 Non-ideal Vent Pipe Terminations Associated with Relief Valves
  • 9.6 Zone Classification and Risk Assessment -- 9.7 Adequacy of Ventilation -- 9.7.1 Assessing the Adequacy of Ventilation -- 9.7.2 Degree of Ventilation -- 9.7.3 Setting Focus on Natural Gas (Methane) -- 9.7.4 Supplementary Natural Gas Release Calculations -- References -- 10 Zone Classification-Dusts -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Explosion Risk Parameters -- 10.3 Grade of Release -- 10.4 Zone and Zone Extent Assignment -- 10.5 Explosion Risk Assessment Aspects -- 10.5.1 Minimum Ignition Energy (MIE) -- 10.5.2 Powder Volume Resistivity -- 10.6 Controlling Dust Explosion Risks -- 10.7 Fire Risks-Supplementing the Explosion Risks -- 10.8 Coal Dust Zone Classification -- 10.8.1 Some Plant Equipment Considerations -- 10.8.2 Risk Assessment-Inside Equipment -- 10.8.3 Risk Assessment-Outside Equipment -- 10.8.4 Methane Explosion Aspects -- 10.8.5 Equipment Selection -- References -- 11 ATEX-Worldwide -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 The Class/Division System -- 11.2.1 Classes -- 11.2.2 Divisions -- 11.2.3 Groups -- 11.3 The Zone System -- 11.4 Comparing the Class/Division and the Zone System -- 11.5 Explosive Gas Atmosphere Equipment Temperature Codes -- 11.6 Ingress Protection Classification Systems -- 11.7 Electrical Protection Concepts -- 11.8 Mechanical Protection Concepts -- 11.9 Marking of ATEX Equipment -- 11.10 Approval Agencies -- Part II ATEX Equipment Safety Aspects-Manufacturer Obligations -- 12 ATEX-Equipment Legislation -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Scope of the ATEX Equipment Directive 2014/34 -- 12.3 Assemblies -- 12.4 Equipment Groups and Categories -- 12.5 Obligations of Economic Operators -- 12.5.1 Manufacturer -- 12.5.2 Authorised Representative -- 12.5.3 Importer -- 12.5.4 Distributer -- 12.6 Essential Health and Safety Requirements (EHSR) -- 12.7 Conformity Assessment Procedures -- 12.8 Documents of Conformity
  • 12.9 Technical Documentation (Dossier) -- 12.10 Instructions -- 12.11 Markings -- 12.12 Some Important Basic Aspects -- 12.13 Standards and Protection Methods -- 12.14 Basic Requirements and Ignition Hazard Assessment (IHA) -- 13 ATEX-Ignition Hazard Assessment (IHA) -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Ignition Source Terms/Definitions -- 13.3 Hot Surfaces -- 13.4 Mechanically Generated Sparks -- 13.5 Ignition Hazard Assessment (IHA)-Step by Step -- 13.5.1 Identification of Relevant Possible Ignition Sources -- 13.5.2 Preliminary Ignition Hazard Estimation and Evaluation -- 13.5.3 Preventive Measures Implemented and Their Documentation -- 13.5.4 Eventual Assessment -- 13.6 Technical Documentation -- 14 ATEX-Ignition Sources -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Possible Ignition Sources -- 14.2.1 Hot Surfaces -- 14.2.2 Flame and Hot Gases, Including Hot Particles -- 14.2.3 Mechanical Generated Sparks -- 14.2.4 Electrical Equipment -- 14.2.5 Static Electricity -- 14.2.6 Chemical Reactions, Including Self Ignition and Spontaneous Ignition -- 14.2.7 Lighting -- 14.2.8 Stray Electric Currents e.g. from Cathodic Corrosion Protection Systems -- 14.2.9 Radio Frequency Waves -- 14.2.10 Optical Radiation, Including Laser Radiation -- 14.2.11 Ionising Radiation -- 14.2.12 Adiabatic Compression and Shock Waves -- 14.3 Expected and/or Rare Malfunction -- 14.4 Examples on the Use of the Ignition Hazard Assessment Scheme -- 14.4.1 Possible Ignition Source Table -- 14.4.2 IHA Table -- 15 ATEX-Communicating IHA Results -- 15.1 Communicating IHA Results -- 15.2 Communicating Absence of Inherent Potential Ignition Sources -- 15.2.1 Using ATEX Equipment Directive 2014/34 Anyhow -- 15.2.2 Supplementing a Required Declaration of Conformity -- 15.2.3 Using a Separate Declaration -- 16 ATEX-Ex-Marking -- 16.1 Ex-Marking -- 16.2 CE- and Ex-Marking According to ATEX Directive 2014/34
  • 16.3 Ex-Marking According to EN 13463-1 -- 16.4 Ex-Marking According to EN 60079-0 -- 16.5 A Comprehensive ATEX Equipment Marking -- Part III Basic Fire and Explosion Aspects -- 17 Fires and Explosions-Basic Knowledge -- 17.1 Introduction -- 17.2 Definitions -- 17.3 Fires and Explosions -- 17.4 Deflagrations -- 17.5 Confined (Internal) Explosions -- 17.6 Partly Confined Gas Explosions -- 17.7 Gas Explosions in Process Areas and Unconfined Areas -- 17.8 Flash Fires -- A Few Facts About the Author -- Index
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{'f': 'http://opac.lib.rpi.edu/record=b4392009'}
Extent
1 online resource (196 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319313672
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote

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