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The Resource A Feasible Basic Income Scheme for Germany : Effects on Labor Supply, Poverty, and Income Inequality

A Feasible Basic Income Scheme for Germany : Effects on Labor Supply, Poverty, and Income Inequality

A Feasible Basic Income Scheme for Germany : Effects on Labor Supply, Poverty, and Income Inequality
A Feasible Basic Income Scheme for Germany
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Effects on Labor Supply, Poverty, and Income Inequality
This book analyzes the consequences that would arise if Germany's means-tested unemployment benefits were replaced with an unconditional basic income. The basic income scheme introduced is based on a negative income tax and calibrated to be both financially feasible and compatible with current constitutional legislation. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) the author examines the impact of the reform on the household labor supply as well as on both poverty and inequality measures. It is shown that by applying reasonable values for both the basic income and the implied marginal tax rate imposed on earned incomes, efficiency gains can be reconciled with generally accepted value statements. Furthermore, as the proposal includes a universal basic income for families, child poverty could be reduced considerably. The estimates are based on the discrete choice approach to labor supply
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Contributions to Economics
A Feasible Basic Income Scheme for Germany : Effects on Labor Supply, Poverty, and Income Inequality
A Feasible Basic Income Scheme for Germany : Effects on Labor Supply, Poverty, and Income Inequality
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  • "Foreword" -- "Acknowledgments" -- "Contents" -- "List of Figures" -- "List of Tables" -- "List of Abbreviations" -- "List of Symbols" -- "Scalars" -- "Functions" -- "Indices" -- "Vectors, Matrices, Etc." -- "Symbols Related to Poverty and Inequality" -- "1 Introduction" -- "1.1 Objective and Research Question" -- "1.2 Structure of Thesis" -- "References" -- "2 The Normative Argument for an Unconditional Basic Income" -- "2.1 Van Parijs' Concept of Freedom" -- "2.1.1 Alternative Concepts of Freedom" -- "2.1.2 The Concept of Real Freedom" -- "2.2 From Real Freedom to Basic Income" -- "2.2.1 The Resource Egalitarianism Approach" -- "2.2.2 Ambition-Sensitivity and Endowment-Insensitivity" -- "2.2.3 The Value of the Basic Income" -- "2.3 The Concept of the Basic Income in Detail" -- "2.4 Common Objections Against an Unconditional BasicIncome" -- "2.4.1 Exploitation and Reciprocity" -- "2.4.2 Measuring of Real Freedom" -- "2.5 Concluding Remarks" -- "References" -- "3 Implementation of a Basic Income by a Negative Income Tax" -- "3.1 The Concept of a Negative Income Tax" -- "3.1.1 Definition and Classification" -- "3.1.2 Economic Aspects" -- "3.1.3 Comparison of an Unconditional Basic Income with a Negative Income Tax" -- "3.2 Different Types of Negative Income Tax Plans" -- "3.2.1 Minimum Income Guarantee" -- "3.2.2 Social-Dividend Type" -- "3.2.3 Poverty-Gap Type" -- "3.2.4 Comparison of NIT-Types" -- "3.3 Empirical Studies on Negative Income Tax Plans" -- "References" -- "4 A Negative Income Tax Proposal for Germany" -- "4.1 The Subsistence Level as Lower Limit of Welfare Payments in Germany" -- "4.2 The Negative Income Tax Proposal in Detail" -- "4.2.1 General Concept" -- "4.2.2 The Build-In Option in Detail" -- "4.2.3 Child Support" -- "4.3 Comparison with Germany's Status Quo of 2010" -- "4.4 Critical Remarks" -- "References"
  • "5 Modeling Political Reforms: The Discrete Approach to Labor Supply" -- "5.1 Economic Simulations" -- "5.1.1 General Overview" -- "5.1.2 Micro Simulations in Detail" -- "5.1.3 Construction of a New Tax-and-TransferMicro Simulation" -- "5.2 The Discrete Approach to Labor Supply" -- "5.2.1 The Discrete Framework" -- "5.2.2 Additive Random Utility" -- "5.2.3 Specification of the Utility Function" -- "5.2.4 Behavioral Changes" -- "References" -- "6 Implications on the Proposed Basic Income Reform" -- "6.1 Data" -- "6.1.1 General Information on the GSOEP" -- "6.1.2 Imputation and Non-responses" -- "6.1.3 The Household Concept of the GSOEP" -- "6.1.4 Income and Working Hours Distributions" -- "6.2 Sample Selection Estimations for Expected Wage Rates" -- "6.3 Calibration of the Multinomial Logit Regression Model" -- "6.3.1 Estimation Results" -- "6.3.2 Modeling the Status Quo" -- "6.4 Allocation Effects of the Basic Income Schemeand its Feasibility" -- "6.4.1 Expected Changes in Household Labor Supply" -- "6.4.2 Feasibility of the Proposed Tax-and-TransferScheme" -- "6.5 Distributional Effects of the Basic Income Scheme" -- "6.5.1 Estimated Changes in Poverty" -- "6.5.2 Implications on Income Inequality" -- "6.6 Critical Remarks" -- "References" -- "7 Conclusion and Outlook" -- "A Efficient Wage Hypothesis" -- "References" -- "B Social Insurance Contributions in Germany" -- "C Calculations" -- "C.1 Multinomial Logit Estimation" -- "C.2 Translog Utility" -- "C.2.1 Married Couples" -- "C.2.2 One-Adult Households" -- "C.3 Constant Relative Inequality Aversion" -- "Reference" -- "D Descriptive Statistics" -- "E Social Security Parameters of 2010 (Germany)"
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